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Recent analytical methods for risk assessment of emerging contaminants in ecosystems
Department of Chemistry, Trent University, ON, Peterborough, Canada.
Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB), University of Luxembourg, Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg.
Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kemiska institutionen.
2021 (Engelska)Ingår i: Pollution Assessment for Sustainable Practices in Applied Sciences and Engineering, Elsevier, 2021, s. 739-778Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

The analysis of emerging contaminants (ECs) remains a dynamic and challenging field because this involves analyzing chemicals with widely varying properties in a large variety of environmental matrices. Usually, concentration levels of ECs are particularly low, such that sensitive and selective analytical methods are required for their analysis. This chapter focuses on five classes of ECs (pharmaceuticals and personal care products, disinfection by-products, perfluorinated compounds, polybrominated diphenyl ethers, and benzotriazoles and dioxane [B and D]) in terms of their occurrence and level of detection. It also highlights the rule of regulatory agencies on the EC detection limit. Sampling techniques used to detect ECs in different environmental matrices are discussed, such as (1) water grab samples from inland and offshore; (2) large-volume solid-phase extraction for water samples; (3) passive samplers (Polar Organic Chemical Integrative Sampler, Chemcatcher, Altesil SR sheet, and semipermeable membrane devices); (4) sediment grab samples (Van Veen and gravity-free fall corer); (5) biota grab samples with different trophic levels (sediment microorganisms, mussels, fish, and mammals; and (6) air passive samplers (inland and/or offshore). In addition, the latest progress is reviewed in sample preparation, extraction, and cleanup.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier, 2021. s. 739-778
Nyckelord [en]
Air, Biological tissues, Electrospray ionization, Gas chromatography, Liquid chromatography, Mass spectrometry, Organic emerging contaminants, Sample preparation, Sampling techniques, Sediments, Soils, Water (surface and groundwater)
Nationell ämneskategori
Analytisk kemi Miljövetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-202918DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-809582-9.00014-1Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85127020289ISBN: 9780128095829 (digital)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-202918DiVA, id: diva2:1726936
Tillgänglig från: 2023-01-13 Skapad: 2023-01-13 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-01-13Bibliografiskt granskad

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Gallampois, Christine M.J.

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