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How to combine close and distant reading within the history of science and ideas: Two examples from ongoing research
History of Science and Ideas, Department for Culture and Aesthetics, Stockholm University, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7845-8762
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1873-9666
2022 (English)In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, p. 85-108Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This text gives two examples of how research within the history of science and ideas can make use of digital methods through a combination of close and distant reading. The first case maps all churches and prayer chapels in the Diocese of Luleå to answer the question if a Bible belt exists in Norrland; what it (if there is one) looks like, what its characteristics are, and how it has evolved over time. The spatio-temporal visualization both clarifies patterns of religious fervor and reveals “white spots”, creating questions for further research. In the second case distributional concept analysis is performed using Sketch Engine on the corpus enTenTen20, consisting of 38 billion words gathered in 2020 from the Anglophone Internet. Lists are assembled over which words are most often used together (co-locates) with creativity. Then, the research process is outlined, where use of such distant reading tools encourages returns to close readings of other materials (for instance speeches by American presidents) in an iterative process. The cases illustrate the benefits of moving between “distant” levels where digital methods show large patterns, and more specific, detailed, “close” levels, with focus on particular points of interest. We also show how this oscillation between large-scale computer aided methods, and small-scale interpretations generate new questions. Finally, we discuss our experiences of multidisciplinary approaches to digital history, and describe setbacks and unexpected wins.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Lärdomshistoriska Samfundet , 2022. p. 85-108
Keywords [en]
mixed methods, digital textual analysis, spatio-temporal map visualization, close reading, distant reading
National Category
History of Ideas Religious Studies
Research subject
History Of Sciences and Ideas; sociology of religion
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-204819DOI: 10.48202/241285OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-204819DiVA, id: diva2:1736659
Funder
Riksbankens JubileumsfondAvailable from: 2023-02-14 Created: 2023-02-14 Last updated: 2023-02-16Bibliographically approved

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fulltext(1047 kB)70 downloads
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Gelfgren, Stefan

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
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  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
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  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf