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Behind the numbers: authorities’ approach to measuring disability in Swedish populations from 1860 to 1930
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR).ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7819-7913
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR). Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9042-9166
2023 (English)In: Historical Methods, ISSN 0161-5440, E-ISSN 1940-1906, Vol. 56, no 2, p. 63-76Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study investigates the main features of collected disability statistics for the censuses in Sweden, 1860–1930, when the disability prevalence rose from four to 21 individuals per thousand of the population. We use qualitative methods to analyze the means of collecting, categorizing, and defining disability, while quantitative methods help us calculate the prevalence by disability type and gender in urban and rural areas. Our long-term findings reveal that this increase reflects new approaches whereby authorities applied alternative methods to collect disability data, using additional sources, wider definitions, and introducing new disability categories. The temporal variations in disability prevalence were influenced by the social and political context and normative views on who was considered disabled or not.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2023. Vol. 56, no 2, p. 63-76
Keywords [en]
disability definition, disability prevalence, historical censuses, population statistics, Swedish history
National Category
History
Research subject
History; Historical Demography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-206749DOI: 10.1080/01615440.2023.2186998ISI: 000961498700001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85151957726OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-206749DiVA, id: diva2:1753446
Part of project
Liveable disabilities: Life courses and opportunity structures across time, Europeiska unionen – Horizon 2020
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 647125Available from: 2023-04-27 Created: 2023-04-27 Last updated: 2023-05-19Bibliographically approved

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fulltext(2228 kB)135 downloads
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Wisselgren, Maria J.Vikström, Lotta

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Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR)Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies
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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf