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Comparable responses to a wide range of olfactory stimulation in women and men
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5026-4934
Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute, Solna, Sweden.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4088-0025
2023 (English)In: Scientific Reports, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 13, no 1, article id 9059Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The evidence for differences between women and men in terms of olfactory abilities is contradictory. We analyzed women and men's performance and reactions to a wider range of odour exposure outcomes than usually studied, to assess possible differences and similarities between sexes. Measures of sensitivity and sensory decision rule were established in 37 women and 39 men. Perceptual, cognitive, symptom-related and autonomic nervous system (skin conductance level and heart-rate variability) reactions were also assessed during extended ambient odour exposure, as well as participants' self-rated chemical intolerance. Bayesian analyses consistently revealed greater support for sex-related similarities than differences, suggesting that women and men perform and react comparably not only in terms of basic olfactory measures, but also to environmental odour exposure mimicking everyday situations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Nature, 2023. Vol. 13, no 1, article id 9059
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology) Applied Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-209549DOI: 10.1038/s41598-023-35936-5ISI: 001000705300044PubMedID: 37270617Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85160899912OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-209549DiVA, id: diva2:1766520
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, M14-0375:1Available from: 2023-06-13 Created: 2023-06-13 Last updated: 2023-09-05Bibliographically approved

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Lillqvist, MoaClaeson, Anna-SaraAndersson, Linus

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