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Aging engineers' occupational self-efficacy: a mixed methods study
Faculty of Education and Welfare Studies, Health Sciences, Åbo Akademi University, Vaasa, Finland.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Section of Physiotherapy.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3334-1376
Faculty of Education and Welfare Studies, Health Sciences, Åbo Akademi University, Vaasa, Finland; Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, University of South-Eastern Norway, Drammen, Norway.
2023 (English)In: Frontiers in Psychology, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 14, article id 1152310Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Engineers' work has become more complex with increased demands in today's changing working life. Self-efficacy is essential to successfully adapt to work-related changes and to cope with adverse job demands. However, less is known about aging engineers' occupational self-efficacy. Therefore, this study explores facilitators and barriers to aging engineers' occupational self-efficacy beliefs to continue working until expected retirement age. An additional purpose is to explore if any of the aspects described by the engineers are more prominent.

Methods: The study design was exploratory, using mixed methods with a qualitative to quantitative approach. A total of 125 engineers, aged between 45 and 65 years, answered two open-ended survey questions about what positively and negatively affect their occupational self-efficacy beliefs to continue working. First, data was analyzed using an inductive manifest qualitative content analysis. Next, descriptive statistics were performed based on the results of the qualitative study.

Results: The analyses revealed that health and working conditions that affect health were crucial facilitators and barriers for the aging engineers' occupational self-efficacy to continue working until expected retirement age. Furthermore, the engineers emphasized competence, motivation from meaningful tasks, family and leisure, and private economy.

Discussion: The aging engineers' own health seems to be prominent in their self-efficacy regarding a full working life; consequently, support still needs to address issues affecting health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media S.A., 2023. Vol. 14, article id 1152310
Keywords [en]
aging workers, engineers, full working life, mixed methods, occupational self-efficacy, personal resources
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-209885DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2023.1152310ISI: 000998418500001PubMedID: 37275701Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85161079048OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-209885DiVA, id: diva2:1768475
Available from: 2023-06-15 Created: 2023-06-15 Last updated: 2023-09-05Bibliographically approved

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Fjellman-Wiklund, Anncristine

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CiteExportLink to record
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