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The legacy of ecological imperialism on soil fauna: implications for Arctic research
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab. (Miljöarkeologiska laboratoriet, Environmental Archaeology Lab)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3049-8271
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8814-0013
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7471-8195
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-212766OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-212766DiVA, id: diva2:1786930
Available from: 2023-08-10 Created: 2023-08-10 Last updated: 2023-08-11
In thesis
1. Animating soils: geoarchaeological approaches to past human-environment relationships in the Arctic
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Animating soils: geoarchaeological approaches to past human-environment relationships in the Arctic
2023 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[sv]
Skildringar av jord : geoarkeologiska tillvägagångssätt kring forntida relationer mellan människa och miljö i Arktis
Abstract [en]

In this thesis, soils and sediments have been used as sources of information on past human activity in Arctic environments. The study has combined geoarchaeological methods and techniques with information from historical documents, ethnographic accounts, and archaeological remains to create integrated narratives of human-landscape interactions in the past. The thesis consists of two parts: an introductory text and four research papers.

In the first paper, social and cultural aspects of the spatial organisation of Sámi hearth-row sites are presented and discussed through an analysis of the soil from two sites in northern Norway (Steintjørna and Brodtkorbneset) and one from northern Sweden (Hobergsträsk). Based on spatial patterns in the excavated and analysed materials, a socio-spatial ethnographic model of the Sámi goahti (tent/hut) was challenged and new insights into spatial organisation were generated.

The second paper revisits Steintjørna in Norway and presented a geoarchaeological methodology for identifying spaces used for corralling or controlling reindeer.The third paper deals with the human impact on soils from two contemporary sites representing short term, low intensity use, but under different socio-economic conditions. Snuvrejohka was a Sámi viste (camp site) in a high-altitude location connected to 19th and 20th century reindeer herding, whilst Maiva, was initially a farmstead that was turned into a tourist station, that later became a holiday cottage and lastly a research outpost. The interaction of humans with soils and sediments was explored using stratigraphic and spatial soil sampling strategies and analysis to provide interpretable data on land use.

The fourth paper approaches human impact from a different perspective, namely the introduction of invasive soil fauna in Arctic environments. An integrated cultural and natural historical approach, including soil sampling and analysis, was used to study archaeological and historical information at Maiva. The results suggest that earthworm driven bioturbation is a remnant of 19th and 20th century agricultural settlements, showing that ecological imperialism is present in Arctic Fennoscandia.

These studies have collectively and conclusively shown that human impact on soils is detectable, measurable, and essential for interpreting and understanding past events in human-environment relationships.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2023. p. 48
Series
Archaeology and environment, ISSN 0281-5877 ; 33
Keywords
environmental archaeology, sampling, Sámi archaeology, spatial organisation, Arctic archaeology, geoarchaeology, soil formation, historical archaeology, miljöarkeologi, provtagning, samisk arkeologi, rumslig organisering, Arktisk arkeologi, geoarkeologi, jordmånsbildning, historisk arkeologi
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
Archaeology; environmental archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-212767 (URN)978-91-8070-114-3 (ISBN)978-91-8070-115-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2023-09-01, HUM.D.220, Humanisthuset, Umeå, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2023-08-15 Created: 2023-08-10 Last updated: 2023-08-15Bibliographically approved

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Jerand, PhilipKlaminder, JonatanLinderholm, Johan

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