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Associations between emotional support and cardiovascular risk factors and subclinical atherosclerosis in middle-age
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1699-1681
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Section of Medicine.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2475-7131
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9643-5257
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2023 (English)In: Psychology and Health, ISSN 0887-0446, E-ISSN 1476-8321Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Objective: To test the hypothesis of low emotional support being associated with lifestyle and biomedical cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors, estimated risk of CVD morbidity and mortality, and subclinical atherosclerosis in middle-aged healthy adults.

Methods and measures: Cross-sectional data were obtained from participants aged 40–60 years who had one or more conventional CVD risk factor. They underwent assessment based on questionnaires, clinical examination, blood sampling, and carotid ultrasound of plaque formation and carotid intima-media wall thickness (cIMT). Based on the Interview Schedule for Social Interaction, the participants were categorised as either low in emotional support (n = 884) or as a referent (n = 2570). Logistic regression analyses were conducted to study the associations.

Results: Logistic regression analyses showed that low emotional support was significantly associated with smoking, alcohol consumption and physical inactivity (OR = 1.53 − 1.94), estimated risk of CVD morbidity and mortality (OR = 1.56 − 1.68), and plaque formation (OR = 1.39). No significant associations were found regarding biomedical CVD risk factors or cIMT.

Conclusion: The findings suggest that low social support is associated with lifestyle CVD risk factors, estimated risk of CVD morbidity and mortality, and subclinical atherosclerosis in middle-aged healthy adults, encouraging causal evaluation with longitudinal data investigating an impact of emotional support on mechanisms underlying CVD.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2023.
Keywords [en]
Cardiovascular disease, cardiovascular risk score, carotid artery plaque, carotid vascular ultrasound, social support
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-217344DOI: 10.1080/08870446.2023.2286296PubMedID: 37994844Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85177567916OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-217344DiVA, id: diva2:1816146
Available from: 2023-12-01 Created: 2023-12-01 Last updated: 2023-12-01

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Nordin, StevenNorberg, MargaretaJohansson, HeleneLindahl, BerntLindvall, KristinaNordin, MariaNyman, EmmaWennberg, PatrikLiv, PerNäslund, Ulf

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Nordin, StevenNorberg, MargaretaJohansson, HeleneLindahl, BerntLindvall, KristinaNordin, MariaNyman, EmmaWennberg, PatrikLiv, PerNäslund, Ulf
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Department of PsychologySection of MedicineDepartment of Epidemiology and Global HealthSection of Sustainable HealthDepartment of Public Health and Clinical MedicineFamily Medicine
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Psychology and Health
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and EpidemiologyCardiac and Cardiovascular Systems

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