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Uncemented trabecular metal high-flex posterior-stabilized monoblock total knee arthroplasty in patients aged 60 years or younger
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
Department of Orthopedics, Falun General Hospital, Falun, Sweden.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5875-4946
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2024 (English)In: Knee (Oxford), ISSN 0968-0160, E-ISSN 1873-5800, Vol. 46, p. 99-107Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Uncemented trabecular metal (TM) monoblock tibial components in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) have shown excellent clinical results for up to 10 years. However, these studies were performed in highly specialized units, with few surgeons and often excluding knees with secondary osteoarthritis (OA), severe malalignments and previous surgery. The purpose of this study was to investigate implant survivorship and clinical and radiological outcome of the uncemented TM high-flex posterior stabilized (PS) monoblock tibial component in routine clinical practice.

Methods: A retrospective study of 339 knees (282 patients) operated with the implant in routine clinical practice at two hospitals on patients aged 60 years or younger between 2007 and 2015. The operations were performed by 12 surgeons and there were no specific contraindications for use of the implant. Follow up ended in 2020. The status of the implant of deceased patients at death and those not attending follow up was checked with the Swedish Knee Arthroplasty Register. Clinical follow up consisted of clinical investigation, PROMs, and knee X-ray.

Results: Follow up was mean (range) 8.5 (5–13.8) years, and the 8-year survival rate was 0.98 (standard error 0.007). Five patients five knees) were deceased, five knees were revised (none due to aseptic loosening), and 16 patients did not attend the clinical follow up. Forty-four percent of the knees had secondary OA and 45% had had previous operations. 93% were satisfied or very satisfied with the operation and forgotten joint score (FJS) was median (interquartile range) 81 (44–94). Radiographic analysis revealed bone in close contact with the tibial tray and pegs in most cases, and in only 2% of the knees were potential radiolucent lines found.

Conclusion: The results indicate that this uncemented implant performs excellently in routine clinical practice and also in younger patients with secondary OA or previous knee operations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2024. Vol. 46, p. 99-107
Keywords [en]
Cementless, Posterior stabilized, Total knee arthroplasty, Trabecular metal, Younger person
National Category
Orthopaedics Surgery
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-218293DOI: 10.1016/j.knee.2023.11.006Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85179469958OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-218293DiVA, id: diva2:1822260
Available from: 2023-12-22 Created: 2023-12-22 Last updated: 2023-12-22Bibliographically approved

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Wojtowicz, RadoslawOtten, Volker T CCrnalic, SeadNilsson, Kjell G

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