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Marginal populations show physiological adaptations and resilience to future climatic changes across a North Atlantic distribution
Institute of Marine Science, University of Portsmouth, UK . (UMFpub)
2021 (English)In: Environmental and Experimental Botany, ISSN 0098-8472, E-ISSN 1873-7307, Vol. 188, article id 104522Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Rising levels of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere over the past several decades has resulted in a changing climate and is projected to further fuel global climate change in future centuries. Key components of climate change in the ocean are ocean acidification (decreasing pH and carbonate ion concentration [CO32-]) and rising sea surface temperatures. While several studies have investigated the effect of these climatic changes on a single population, very few studies have addressed effects on populations living at the margins of their species distribution and the full distributional range. This gap in knowledge impedes the determination of detailed predictions for most species’ futures. Over the course of four months, we investigated physiological changes (primary production, respiration, calcification and growth rates) of 6 populations of the intertidal ecosystem engineer and articulated coralline alga Corallina officinalis to future climatic conditions (low pH (∌7.8); T+3 °C; as well as the combination of low pH and T+3 °C). The populations (n = 2 per geographical location) represent the northern (Iceland) and southern (Spain) margins, as well as the centre (England) of the species distribution in the NE Atlantic. Here, we show that southern and central populations are already living closer to their thermal and stress limits, while Northern populations appear to be the most resilient to environmental changes. We present data confirming light calcification to be the most valuable physiological process which is prioritized in populations throughout the geographical gradient in the NE Atlantic. We found elevated temperature to have a greater effect on populations than pCO2. Investigating and monitoring organism physiology and structure under these extreme environmental conditions provides important information to predict their acclimatisation and resilience to future environmental conditions and potential changes in their distribution.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2021. Vol. 188, article id 104522
Keywords [en]
Marginal populations, NE Atlantic, Primary production, Calcification, Growth rates, Emergency responses, North-to-South gradient, Centre-to-Margin hypothesis
National Category
Botany Ecology Climate Research
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-223725DOI: 10.1016/j.envexpbot.2021.104522ISI: 000662569600003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85106349027OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-223725DiVA, id: diva2:1854141
Available from: 2024-04-24 Created: 2024-04-24 Last updated: 2024-04-24Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full textScopushttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0098847221001520

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Kolzenburg, Regina

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