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Quality and resilience of clinical laboratories in Rwanda: a need for sustainable strategies
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk mikrobiologi.
Department of Health Workforce, Ministry of Health, Kigali, Rwanda.
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk mikrobiologi.
2024 (Engelska)Ingår i: Global Health Action, ISSN 1654-9716, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 17, nr 1, artikel-id 2358633Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Quality healthcare is a global priority, reliant on robust health systems for evidence-based medicine. Clinical laboratories are the backbone of quality healthcare facilitating diagnostics, treatment, patient monitoring, and disease surveillance. Their effectiveness depends on sustainable delivery of accurate test results. Although the Strengthening Laboratory Management Towards Accreditation (SLMTA) programme has enhanced laboratory quality in low-income countries, the long-term sustainability of this improvement remains uncertain.

OBJECTIVE: To explore the sustainability of quality performance in clinical laboratories in Rwanda following the conclusion of SLMTA.

METHODS: A quasi-experimental design was adopted, involving 47 laboratories divided into three groups with distinct interventions. While one group received continuous mentorship and annual assessments (group two), interventions for the other groups (groups one and three) ceased following the conclusion of SLMTA. SLMTA experts collected data for 10 years through assessments using WHO's StepwiseLaboratory Quality Improvement Process Towards Accreditation (SLIPTA) checklist. Descriptive and t-test analyses were conducted for statistical evaluation.

RESULTS: Improvements in quality were noted between baseline and exit assessments across all laboratory groups (mean baseline: 35.3%, exit: 65.8%, p < 0.001). However, groups one and three experienced performance declines following SLMTA phase-out (mean group one: 64.6% in reference to 85.8%, p = 0.01; mean group three: 57.3% in reference to 64.7%, p < 0.001). In contrast, group two continued to enhance performance even years later (mean: 86.6%compared to 70.6%, p = 0.03).

CONCLUSION: A coordinated implementation of quality improvement plan that enables regular laboratory assessments to pinpoint and address the quality gaps is essential for sustaining quality services in clinical laboratories.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Taylor & Francis, 2024. Vol. 17, nr 1, artikel-id 2358633
Nyckelord [en]
health system, intervention, laboratory assessment, Quality improvement, SLMTA
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi Hälso- och sjukvårdsorganisation, hälsopolitik och hälsoekonomi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-225967DOI: 10.1080/16549716.2024.2358633ISI: 001237983600001PubMedID: 38828509Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85195003815OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-225967DiVA, id: diva2:1867988
Tillgänglig från: 2024-06-11 Skapad: 2024-06-11 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-06-11Bibliografiskt granskad

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Rusanganwa, VincentEvander, Magnus

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