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Health-related quality of life, marital satisfaction and social support in medical staff in Iran
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-7867-1814
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-1940-1811
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2013 (Engelska)Ingår i: Applied Research in Quality of Life, ISSN 1871-2584, E-ISSN 1871-2576, Vol. 8, nr 3, s. 385-402Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Quality of life is a subjective and multidimensional concept that includes all aspects of an individual’s life. Many investigations indicate that marital satisfaction is an important determinant of quality of life and social support affects both marital satisfaction and quality of life. Since medical staff face job stressors in their everyday life, in the present cross-sectional study, the relationships between quality of life, marital satisfaction, and social support in medical staff in Tehran were analyzed. Data collection was performed in 653 medical staff using socio-demographic questions, the SF-36 questionnaire, the ENRICH Marital Satisfaction Inventory, and the Social Support Questionnaire. The results revealed that men reported significantly higher quality of life and marital satisfaction than women, but there was no gender difference in social support. The quality of life and marital satisfaction domains were found to be differentially correlated among male and female participants. All domains of marital satisfaction were found to be significantly associated with the “vitality” and “mental health” domains among females and “physical functioning” domain in the male. Also, social support was associated with almost all quality of life domains in both sexes. The multiple regression analyses indicated that all the study variables combined with socio-demographic factors can explain between 12 % and 28 % of the variance in quality of life domains. Therefore, focusing on these factors could be an effective approach to improve quality of life in medical staff as a group with a stressful job.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Springer, 2013. Vol. 8, nr 3, s. 385-402
Nationell ämneskategori
Socialt arbete
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-63992DOI: 10.1007/s11482-012-9190-xISI: 000322521400007Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84881023211OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-63992DiVA, id: diva2:588100
Tillgänglig från: 2013-01-15 Skapad: 2013-01-10 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-01-12Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Marital satisfaction in relation to social support, coping, and quality of life in medical staff in Tehran, Iran
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Marital satisfaction in relation to social support, coping, and quality of life in medical staff in Tehran, Iran
2013 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Marital satisfaction is one of the main characteristics of a healthy family, and is known as an important predictor of overall quality of life. Stress is unavoidable in everyday life and it can affect marital relationships. Furthermore, employed married individuals encounter more stressors than do unmarried ones, especially when their jobs are demanding and stressful, such as working as medical professionals in hospitals. Applying effective coping strategies and receiving social support, especially from emotionally close persons, are protective factors which can help individuals deal with stress and buffer the negative effects of life stress on marital and life satisfaction. In the present cross-sectional investigation, marital satisfaction was studied in relation to socio-demographic variables, social support, ways of coping, and quality of life in medical staff in Tehran. Data were collected from 653 medical staff who worked in 12 hospitals affiliated with Tehran Medical University using socio-demographic questions, the ENRICH marital satisfaction questionnaire, the SF-36 questionnaire, the Social Support questionnaire, and the Ways of Coping questionnaire. The results indicated that marital satisfaction, quality of life and spousal support were significantly higher in men than women. Spousal support was significantly associated with marital satisfaction especially in women. Multiple regression analyses indicated that marital satisfaction, social support, and job satisfaction combined with socio-demographic variables explain between 12% and 28% of the variance in quality of life domains. Analysing the data with special focus on females revealed a significant negative relationship between subscales of marital satisfaction and using “seeking social support”, “confrontive coping”, “escape avoidance”, “distancing”, and “self-controlling” as ways of coping. Hierarchical regression analyses showed that job satisfaction, social support, and ways of coping explained between 24% and 38% of the variance in seven of the nine subscales of marital satisfaction. Therefore, focusing on the study findings could be helpful in promoting marital satisfaction and quality of life in married medical staff. 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Umeå, Sweden: Umeå university, 2013. s. 57
Serie
Studier i socialt arbete vid Umeå universitet : avhandlings- och skriftserie, ISSN 0283-300X ; 78
Nyckelord
Marital satisfaction, Social support, Ways of coping, Quality of life, Job satisfaction, Medical staff, Gender differences, Iran
Nationell ämneskategori
Socialt arbete
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-79478 (URN)978-91-7459-706-6 (ISBN)
Disputation
2013-09-13, Samvetet, Samhällsvetarhuset, Umeå Universitet, Umeå, 10:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2013-08-23 Skapad: 2013-08-20 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-01-12Bibliografiskt granskad

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Rostami, ArianGhazinour, MehdiNygren, Lennart

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