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Marital Satisfaction with a Special Focus on Gender Differences in Medical Staff in Tehran-Iran
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7867-1814
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1940-1811
Centre for child and Adolescent Mental Health, Eastern and Southern, Oslo, Norway.
2014 (English)In: Journal of Family Issues, ISSN 0192-513X, E-ISSN 1552-5481, Vol. 35, no 14, p. 1940-1958Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The family is a fundamental component of society, and marital satisfaction is the main characteristic of a healthy family. The aim of this cross-sectional research was to assess marital satisfaction in medical staff in Tehran, with a special focus on gender differences. Data were collected from 653 medical staff using sociodemographic questions and the ENRICH marital satisfaction questionnaire. The results indicated that marital satisfaction was significantly higher in men than in women. There was a negative correlation between age and marital satisfaction in women. Educational level was associated with marital satisfaction in both genders. Number of children was correlated with marital satisfaction in both men and women. Gender differences in marital satisfaction were revealed, and all sociodemographic factors showed significant relationships, with at least one subscale of marital satisfaction. This study provides a general view of marital satisfaction in Iranian medical professionals as a group with a stressful job

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2014. Vol. 35, no 14, p. 1940-1958
Keywords [en]
marital satisfaction, gender differences, medical staff, Iran
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-64096DOI: 10.1177/0192513X13483292ISI: 000344376700004Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84911952798OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-64096DiVA, id: diva2:588122
Note

Originally included in thesis in manuscript form 

Available from: 2013-01-15 Created: 2013-01-15 Last updated: 2024-01-12Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Marital satisfaction in relation to social support, coping, and quality of life in medical staff in Tehran, Iran
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Marital satisfaction in relation to social support, coping, and quality of life in medical staff in Tehran, Iran
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Marital satisfaction is one of the main characteristics of a healthy family, and is known as an important predictor of overall quality of life. Stress is unavoidable in everyday life and it can affect marital relationships. Furthermore, employed married individuals encounter more stressors than do unmarried ones, especially when their jobs are demanding and stressful, such as working as medical professionals in hospitals. Applying effective coping strategies and receiving social support, especially from emotionally close persons, are protective factors which can help individuals deal with stress and buffer the negative effects of life stress on marital and life satisfaction. In the present cross-sectional investigation, marital satisfaction was studied in relation to socio-demographic variables, social support, ways of coping, and quality of life in medical staff in Tehran. Data were collected from 653 medical staff who worked in 12 hospitals affiliated with Tehran Medical University using socio-demographic questions, the ENRICH marital satisfaction questionnaire, the SF-36 questionnaire, the Social Support questionnaire, and the Ways of Coping questionnaire. The results indicated that marital satisfaction, quality of life and spousal support were significantly higher in men than women. Spousal support was significantly associated with marital satisfaction especially in women. Multiple regression analyses indicated that marital satisfaction, social support, and job satisfaction combined with socio-demographic variables explain between 12% and 28% of the variance in quality of life domains. Analysing the data with special focus on females revealed a significant negative relationship between subscales of marital satisfaction and using “seeking social support”, “confrontive coping”, “escape avoidance”, “distancing”, and “self-controlling” as ways of coping. Hierarchical regression analyses showed that job satisfaction, social support, and ways of coping explained between 24% and 38% of the variance in seven of the nine subscales of marital satisfaction. Therefore, focusing on the study findings could be helpful in promoting marital satisfaction and quality of life in married medical staff. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå, Sweden: Umeå university, 2013. p. 57
Series
Studier i socialt arbete vid Umeå universitet : avhandlings- och skriftserie, ISSN 0283-300X ; 78
Keywords
Marital satisfaction, Social support, Ways of coping, Quality of life, Job satisfaction, Medical staff, Gender differences, Iran
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-79478 (URN)978-91-7459-706-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-09-13, Samvetet, Samhällsvetarhuset, Umeå Universitet, Umeå, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2013-08-23 Created: 2013-08-20 Last updated: 2024-01-12Bibliographically approved

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Rostami, ArianGhazinour, MehdiNygren, Lennart

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