Umeå universitets logga

umu.sePublikationer
Ändra sökning
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Distributional justice in Swedish wind power development – an odds ratio analysis of windmill localization and local residents' socio-economic characteristics
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia. (Arcum)
2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, E-ISSN 1873-6777, Vol. 105, s. 648-657Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

With a fast rise in large-scale wind power development in Sweden and other countries in recent years, issues related to energy justice generally and distributional justice specifically have become concerns in windmill siting. Some research, for instance, has indicated that it is easier to build windmills in economically marginalized communities. The evidence for this, however, is still limited. Thus, this study aims to statistically evaluate the extent to which the decisions to approve or reject windmill proposals in Sweden can be explained by factors related to the socio-economic characteristics of people living in the areas surrounding windmill sites. The study is based on an odds ratio analysis of decisions on all windmill proposals in Sweden, in which georeferenced socio-economic data on an individual level for all inhabitants within 3 and 10 km of the windmill sites are studied. The results show skewness in the distribution of windmills, with a higher likelihood of rejection in areas with more highly educated people and people working in the private sector, compared to a higher likelihood of approval in areas with more unemployed people. This skewness, while not necessarily unjust, warrants further policy and research attention to distributional justice issues when developing wind power.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2017. Vol. 105, s. 648-657
Nyckelord [en]
wind power, energy justice, distributional justice, planning process, odds ratio
Nationell ämneskategori
Kulturgeografi
Forskningsämne
kulturgeografi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-129864DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2017.03.007ISI: 000400532900063Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85014730278Lokalt ID: 881251OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-129864DiVA, id: diva2:1063318
Tillgänglig från: 2017-01-09 Skapad: 2017-01-09 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-03-24Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Where the Wind Blows: the socio-political geography of wind power development in Finland, Norway and Sweden
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Where the Wind Blows: the socio-political geography of wind power development in Finland, Norway and Sweden
2017 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Alternativ titel[sv]
Där Vinden Viner : vindkraftsutbyggnadens socio-politiska geografi i Finland, Norge och Sverige
Abstract [en]

This thesis analysis the planning process for large-scale wind power development in Finland, Norway and Sweden. The aim is to explore the emerging power relations and socio-economic dynamics of the negotiation, planning and realization of this new development. The thesis employs an energy justice framework to capture the opportunities different stakeholders have to take part in and influence wind power development processes (‘procedural justice’), and how the potential benefits and burdens of wind power development are divided between stakeholders (‘distributional justice’). The study’s setup is an embedded sequential mixed methods research design, which includes analysis of policy documents, in-dept interviews, observations, as well as register based population data.

The thesis shows how power relations on both a structural level and an actor level are used to exert power and influence over the planning process for wind power development. On a structural level, the results indicate that transformations in EU directives and national planning laws and guidelines in Finland, Norway and Sweden in recent years have been more focused on speed and efficiency in planning processes than on legitimacy issues. The changes that have been implemented seem to point to diminishing opportunities for broad participation and debate in wind power planning processes, in favour of more top-down processes with a specific, sectoral focus on developing wind power. On the actor level, perceived improper behaviour by different actors within the planning process can further limit the possibilities for participation. People refrain from participating in planning processes, for instance, if they feel that they are treated disrespectfully or if there have occurred procedural errors that undermine the legitimacy of the formal planning process. However, participation in formal planning processes is not the only way to influence planning processes. There are a number of more informal channels, such as using the media or the Internet, lobbying, or rallying local support, that can and have been used by stakeholders to tap into the formal planning process to try to affect its outcomes. Such informal activities have a considerable spatial and scalar reach, the importance of which is that stakeholders utilizing such measures have the possibility to affect not only the local wind power project under debate, but also developments in other places and attitudes towards wind power more generally.

As concerns distributional issues, the results of the thesis show that the evidence of distributional inequality concerning wind power development on the national scale in Sweden is not very strong; but if such inequalities exist, there are possibilities to redistribute the benefits from wind power to those who are burdened by the developments. Distributional injustice related to wind power development is thus not an evident problem, generally speaking, in Sweden today. However, if this state is to remain, procedural aspects related to the continued development of wind power need to be kept in mind, as procedural and distributional inequalities are intimately related. Of specific concern is the need to address formal and informal procedures that marginalize stakeholder participation in planning processes, but it is equally important to also consider who is to be included in or excluded from negotiations and the distribution of local economic benefits connected to specific wind power projects.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2017. s. 117
Serie
GERUM, ISSN 1402-5205 ; 2017:1
Nyckelord
wind power, planning, land use, participation, power relations, energy justice, mixed methods, Finland, Norway, Sweden
Nationell ämneskategori
Kulturgeografi
Forskningsämne
kulturgeografi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-129867 (URN)881251 (Lokalt ID)978-91-7601-643-5 (ISBN)881251 (Arkivnummer)881251 (OAI)
Disputation
2017-01-27, S205H, Samhällsvetarhuset, Umeå, 10:15 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2017-01-13 Skapad: 2017-01-09 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-03-07Bibliografiskt granskad

Open Access i DiVA

Fulltext saknas i DiVA

Övriga länkar

Förlagets fulltextScopus

Person

Liljenfeldt, JohannaPettersson, Örjan

Sök vidare i DiVA

Av författaren/redaktören
Liljenfeldt, JohannaPettersson, Örjan
Av organisationen
Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia
I samma tidskrift
Energy Policy
Kulturgeografi

Sök vidare utanför DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetricpoäng

doi
urn-nbn
Totalt: 945 träffar
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf