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Influence of obesity and physical workload on disability benefits among construction workers followed up for 37 years
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Yrkes- och miljömedicin.
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2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, ISSN 1076-2752, E-ISSN 1536-5948, Vol. 74, nr 9, s. 621-627Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study are to investigate the relation between obesity and labour force exit via diagnosis-specific disability benefits, and whether physical workload modifies this association.

METHODS: A longitudinal analysis was performed among 3 28 743 Swedish construction workers in the age of 15-65 years. Body weight and height were measured at a health examination and enriched with register information on disability benefits up to 37 years later. Diagnoses of disability benefits were categorised into cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), musculoskeletal diseases (MSDs), mental disorders and others. A job exposure matrix, based on self-reported lifting of heavy loads and working in bent forward or twisted position, was applied as a measure of physical workload. Cox proportional hazards regression analyses were performed, and the relative excess risk due to interaction (RERI) between obesity and physical workload was calculated.

RESULTS: Obese construction workers were at increased risk of receiving disability benefits (HR 1.70, 95% CI 1.65 to 2.76), mainly through CVD (HR 2.30) and MSD (HR 1.71). Construction workers with a high physical workload were also more likely to receive a disability benefit (HR 2.28, 95% CI 2.21 to 2.34), particularly via MSD (HR 3.02). Obesity in combination with a higher physical workload increased the risk of disability benefits (RERI 0.28) more than the sum of the risks of obesity and higher physical workload, particularly for MSD (RERI 0.44).

CONCLUSIONS: Obesity and a high physical workload are risk factors for disability benefit. Furthermore, these factors are synergistic risk factors for labour force exit via disability benefit through MSD. Comprehensive programmes that target health promotion to prevent obesity and ergonomic interventions to reduce physical workload are important to facilitate sustained employment.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
BMJ Publishing Group Ltd, 2017. Vol. 74, nr 9, s. 621-627
Nyckelord [en]
cardiovascular diseases, Occupational health, disability pension, mental disorders., musculoskeletal diseases, obesity, physical workload
Nationell ämneskategori
Arbetsmedicin och miljömedicin
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-133633DOI: 10.1136/oemed-2016-104059ISI: 000408046500002PubMedID: 28391246Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85027560949OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-133633DiVA, id: diva2:1088950
Tillgänglig från: 2017-04-18 Skapad: 2017-04-18 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-07-02Bibliografiskt granskad

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Järvholm, BengtWahlström, Jens

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