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Postpartum quality of life in Indian women after vaginal birth and cesarean section: a pilot study using the EQ-5D-5L descriptive system
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
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2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, ISSN 1471-2393, E-ISSN 1471-2393, Vol. 18, artikel-id 427Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: There has been little evaluation of the postpartum quality of life (QOL) of women in India and its association with the mode of birth. This study piloted the use of the generic EQ-5D-5L questionnaire to assess postpartum QOL experienced by rural Indian women.

Methods: A convenience sample of rural women who gave birth in a health facility in Gujarat or Madhya Pradesh was recruited into this pilot study. QOL was measured during three interviews within 30days of birth using the EQ-5D-5L questionnaire. Patient-level quality-adjusted life days (QALDs) were estimated. Multivariate regression was used to adjust for selected baseline characteristics.

Results: Forty-six women with cesarean section and 178 with vaginal birth from 17 public and private health facilities were studied. Postpartum QOL in both groups improved between interviews 1 and 3. Comparing between vaginal and cesarean births indicated that the vaginal birth group had a higher QOL (0-3 days postpartum: 0.28 vs. 0.57, 3-7 days postpartum: 0.59 vs. 0.81; P<0.001) and was more likely to report no or slight problems in 4 of 5 health dimensions (mobility, self-care, usual activities, painordiscomfort; P0.04) during interviews 1 and 2. Postpartum QOL converged, but still differed between groups by the time of interview 3 (21-30 days postpartum: 0.85 vs. 0.93; P<0.001). While most women reported no problems by the end of the first postpartum month, the difference in the ability to perform usual activities persisted (P=0.001). In result, fewer QALDs were attained by women in the cesarean section group between day 1 and day 21 postpartum (13.1 vs. 16.6 QALDs; P<0.001). Subgroup analysis showed that having had an episiotomy during vaginal birth was also associated with reduced QOL postpartum, but to a lesser extent than cesarean section. Similar results were obtained when adjusting for socioeconomic, pregnancy and birth characteristics, but postpartum QOL already ceased to be statistically different between groups before interview 3.

Conclusions: Vaginal births, even with episiotomy, were associated with a higher postpartum QOL than cesarean births among the Indian women in our pilot study. Finding these expected results suggests that the EQ-5D-5L questionnaire is asuitable instrumentto assess postpartum QOL in Indian women.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
BioMed Central, 2018. Vol. 18, artikel-id 427
Nyckelord [en]
India, Quality of life, Postpartum period, Vaginal delivery, Episiotomy, Caesarean section, Pilot study
Nationell ämneskategori
Reproduktionsmedicin och gynekologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-153700DOI: 10.1186/s12884-018-2038-0ISI: 000448750500001PubMedID: 30373545Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85055618358OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-153700DiVA, id: diva2:1268248
Forskningsfinansiär
EU, FP7, Sjunde ramprogrammet, 261304Tillgänglig från: 2018-12-05 Skapad: 2018-12-05 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-03-24Bibliografiskt granskad

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Lindholm, Lars HRandive, Bharat

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