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Relativistic kinetic theory for spin-1/2 particles: Conservation laws, thermodynamics, and linear waves
Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för fysik.
Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för fysik.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-1555-7616
Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för fysik.
Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för fysik.
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Physical Review E. Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics: Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics, ISSN 1063-651X, E-ISSN 1095-3787, Vol. 100, nr 2, artikel-id 023201Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

We study a recently derived fully relativistic kinetic model for spin-1/2 particles. First, the full set of conservation laws for energy, momentum, and angular momentum are given together with an expression for the (nonsymmetric) stress-energy tensor. Next, the thermodynamic equilibrium distribution is given in different limiting cases. Furthermore, we address the analytical complexity that arises when the spin and momentum eigenfunctions are coupled in linear theory by calculating the linear dispersion relation for such a case. Finally, we discuss the model and give some context by comparing with potentially relevant phenomena that are not included, such as radiation reaction and vacuum polarization.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2019. Vol. 100, nr 2, artikel-id 023201
Nationell ämneskategori
Fusion, plasma och rymdfysik
Forskningsämne
teoretisk fysik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-162463DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.100.023201ISI: 000479192700004PubMedID: 31574677Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85070558937OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-162463DiVA, id: diva2:1344426
Tillgänglig från: 2019-08-20 Skapad: 2019-08-20 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-05-08Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Quantum Kinetic Theory for Plasmas: spin, exchange, and particle dispersive effects
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Quantum Kinetic Theory for Plasmas: spin, exchange, and particle dispersive effects
2019 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

This thesis is about developing and studying quantum mechanical models of plasmas. Quantum effects can be important at high densities, at low temperatures, and in strong electromagnetic fields, in various laboratory and astrophysical systems. The focus is on the electron spin, the intrinsic magnetic moment; exchange interactions, a purely quantum mechanical effect arising from particles being indistinguishable; and particle dispersive effects, essentially the Heisenberg uncertainty principle. The focus is on using phase-space formulations of quantum mechanics, namely Wigner and -functions. These methods allow carrying over techniques from classical plasma physics and identifying quantum as opposed to classical behavior.

Two new kinetic models including the spin are presented, one fully relativistic and to first order in ħ, and one semi-relativistic but to all orders in ħ. Among other example calculations, for the former, conservation laws for energy, momentum, and angular momentum are derived and related to “hidden momentum” and the Abraham-Minkowski dilemma. Both models are discussed in the context of the existing literature.

A kinetic model of exchange interactions, formally similar to a collision operator, is compared to a widely used fluid description based on density functional theory, for the case of electrostatic waves. The models are found to disagree significantly.

A new, non-linear, wave damping mechanism is shown to arise from particle dispersive effects. It can be interpreted as the simultaneous absorption or emission of multiple wave quanta. This multi-plasmon damping is of particular interest for highly degenerate electrons, where it can occur on time scales comparable to or shorter than that of linear Landau damping.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2019. s. 47
Nationell ämneskategori
Fusion, plasma och rymdfysik
Forskningsämne
teoretisk fysik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-162465 (URN)978-91-7855-102-6 (ISBN)
Disputation
2019-09-13, N 420, Naturvetarhuset, Umeå, 10:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2019-08-23 Skapad: 2019-08-20 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-08-21Bibliografiskt granskad
2. Modelling and analyzing strong-field effects in quantum plasma
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Modelling and analyzing strong-field effects in quantum plasma
2023 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Alternativ titel[sv]
Modellering och analys av effekter från starka fält i kvantkinetiska plasmor
Abstract [en]

Under the extreme conditions that can be found around dense stars and in the accretion discs of black holes, several strong-field quantum phenomena dominate the dynamics of the plasma. This includes the creation of matter and anti-matter from the vacuum (Schwinger mechanism), radiation reaction and Landau quantization. Some of these strong field phenomena were presented theoretically a century ago but have never been verified in experiments due to the difficulty of creating the required extreme conditions in the lab. However, with the development of laser facilities in the past decades, it will be possible to observe several extreme physical phenomena in the near future. To conduct experiments on these extreme phenomena, theoretical simulations need to be constructed as a guide for optimizing experiments.

This thesis is concerned with developing and analyzing strong field phenomena in kinetic plasma models. The focus is to extend current kinetic models to include several physical phenomena that are relevant to future experiments on laser-plasma interaction. In particular, a kinetic theory based on the Wigner transformation of the Dirac equation has been analyzed in different regimes. This kinetic model is used to study the plasma dynamics at the Schwinger limit, where collective plasma effects and several quantum processes are studied.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Umeå: Umeå University, 2023. s. 69
Nyckelord
Plasma physics, Strong-field physics, Kinetic theory, Quantum plasma
Nationell ämneskategori
Fusion, plasma och rymdfysik
Forskningsämne
fysik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-208019 (URN)978-91-8070-067-2 (ISBN)978-91-8070-068-9 (ISBN)
Disputation
2023-06-01, NAT.D.450, Förvaltningshuset Hus D, 901 87, Umeå, 13:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Forskningsfinansiär
Vetenskapsrådet, 2016-03806
Tillgänglig från: 2023-05-11 Skapad: 2023-05-08 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-05-10Bibliografiskt granskad

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Ekman, RobinAl-Naseri, HaidarZamanian, JensBrodin, Gert

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Physical Review E. Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics: Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics
Fusion, plasma och rymdfysik

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