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Cutting the Network, Knotting the Line: a Linaeological Approach to Network Analysis
Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier, Miljöarkeologiska laboratoriet. Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Humlab.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-3545-0522
2021 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of archaeological method and theory, ISSN 1072-5369, E-ISSN 1573-7764, Vol. 8, s. 178-196Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Network methods have seen a rapid rise in archaeology in recent years. There are still concerns regarding how well formal networks are able to effectively model local interaction. These are often present in the so-called qualitative network approaches—studies that tend to be based on close readings of relations between entities and the way they form dynamic networks of agents. Such studies have demonstrated the value in scrutinizing the way in which relations might be acted on in practice, and how that might differ from expected results. But rarely do such studies produce network data of the kind analyzed by formal network analytical methods. Formal approaches, on the other hand, blur the specificity of individual relations and trade much of their specificity for the ability to make general statements about relations across large datasets. More generally, the modality of the relation/edge is a crucial way in which formal network analysis differs from other prevalent relational approaches popular in archaeology today, where the substantivity of individual relations is paramount. Such relations are often seen as starting points for subsequent hybridizations that radically alter, if only temporarily, the structure of their respective networks. I argue that a key step in allowing networks to reformulate from initial, data-driven network schemata is the introduction of a more symmetrical agency between the node and the edge. In this article, I discuss how ethnographic sources can be used to achieve this for archaeological survey data. I use assemblage theory as a framework to explore the potential the edge has to offer archaeological network modelling. While assemblage theory is helpful for this purpose, the lack of a computational formality to assemblage theory immediately places it at odds with network science. As a complement, I will also employ the computational ontology CIDOC-CRM to more explicitly articulate the character of links between nodes in archaeological networks. The paper will end by suggesting a method of network modelling which integrates the line as a key source of agency. As a nod to Ingold’s call for an increased emphasis on the line, I call this approach network linaeology.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Springer, 2021. Vol. 8, s. 178-196
Nyckelord [en]
Assemblage theory, CIDOC-CRM, Network analysis, Iceland, Eighteenth century, Historical archaeology
Nationell ämneskategori
Historia och arkeologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-164760DOI: 10.1007/s10816-020-09450-1ISI: 000527452100001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85084042304OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-164760DiVA, id: diva2:1366821
Anmärkning

Originally included in thesis in manuscript form with title: "Cutting the network, knotting the line"

Tillgänglig från: 2019-10-30 Skapad: 2019-10-30 Senast uppdaterad: 2021-03-17Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Storied lines: using historical documentation to characterize archaeological connectivity
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Storied lines: using historical documentation to characterize archaeological connectivity
2019 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

As the title suggests, this thesis applies historical documentation as a connective tissue to link together the main conceptual classes in Iceland’s largest SMR, Ísleif. These are the roughly 6000 historic farmsteads used as a classification scheme in Johnsen’s 1847 land census Jarðatal Johnsens. This thesis has three main components. It is primarily an infrastructural work, and most of the time spent on the thesis went into building the underlying database, made in a way to be accessible to a wide audience and integrated with related research infrastructures already in place and in development. Secondly, it is a methodological work, as the highly detailed inter-site relationships encoded in the infrastructure allowed me to model highly contextual networks, which in turn enabled me to develop new methods for modelling archaeo-historical networks by using the computational ontology CIDOC-CRM. Finally, the historiographical component of the thesis investigates the role of networks of interactions between farmsteads in early 18th century Iceland, and more specifically the role of resource claim networks in land use during the post-Reformation and earlier periods.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Umeå: Umeå University, 2019. s. 54
Serie
Archaeology and environment, ISSN 0281-5877 ; 32
Nyckelord
archaeology, iceland, history, 18th century, network analysis, postgis, cidoc-crm, assemblage theory, archaeoinformatics, network
Nationell ämneskategori
Arkeologi Historia
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-164761 (URN)978-91-7855-132-3 (ISBN)
Disputation
2019-11-22, S104, Samhällsvetarhuset, 10:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2019-11-01 Skapad: 2019-10-30 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-10-31Bibliografiskt granskad

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Palsson, Gisli

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