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Effects of age, sex and diet on salivary nitrate and nitrite in infants
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk vetenskap, Pediatrik.
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk vetenskap, Pediatrik.
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk vetenskap, Pediatrik.
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2020 (Engelska)Ingår i: Nitric oxide, ISSN 1089-8603, E-ISSN 1089-8611, Vol. 94, s. 73-78Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The inorganic anions nitrate and nitrite are oxidation products from endogenous nitric oxide (NO) generation and constituents in our diet. A nitrate-nitrite-NO pathway exists in which nitrate can be serially reduced to bioactive NO. The first step of this pathway occurs in the oral cavity where oral bacteria convert salivary nitrate to nitrite, whereafter nitrite is reduced to NO systemically by several enzymatic and non-enzymatic pathways. Data are scarce regarding salivary levels and oral conversion capacity of these anions in infants. We measured salivary nitrate and nitrate in infants at 4 and 12 months of age and related values to age, sex, dietary pattern and oral microbiome. Saliva was collected from a total of 188 infants at 4 and 12 months of age. Salivary nitrate, nitrite and nitrite/nitrate ratio as a measure of oral nitrate-reducing capacity were analyzed by HPLC and related to age, sex, type of diet (breast milk or formula) and oral microbiome. There was no difference in salivary nitrate, nitrite or nitrite/nitrate ratio between boys and girls at any age. At 4 months levels of these parameters were lower than what has been described in adults but they had all increased significantly at 12 months of age. At 4 months of age salivary nitrite/nitrate ratio was lower in breast-fed compared to formula-fed infants, but these differences disappeared at 12 months. Several bacterial species were associated with oral nitrate reducing capacity including Prevotella, Veillonella, Alloprevotella and Leptotrichia. We conclude that in infants there is an increase in salivary nitrate and nitrite as well as in oral nitrate-reductase capacity during the first year of life. Differences observed at 4 months of age between breast-fed and formula-fed infants disappear at one year of age.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier, 2020. Vol. 94, s. 73-78
Nyckelord [en]
Oral, Saliva, Bacteria, Nitric oxide, Nutrition, Formula
Nationell ämneskategori
Odontologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-168190DOI: 10.1016/j.niox.2019.10.012ISI: 000508287900010PubMedID: 31682925Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85074418136OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-168190DiVA, id: diva2:1413735
Tillgänglig från: 2020-03-11 Skapad: 2020-03-11 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-03-24Bibliografiskt granskad

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Timby, NiklasDomellöf, MagnusHernell, OlleJohansson, Ingegerd

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Timby, NiklasDomellöf, MagnusHernell, OlleJohansson, Ingegerd
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PediatrikInstitutionen för odontologi
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Nitric oxide
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