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SwsB and SafA Are Required for CwlJ-Dependent Spore Germination in Bacillus subtilis
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för molekylärbiologi (Medicinska fakulteten). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Molekylär Infektionsmedicin, Sverige (MIMS). Analytical Chemistry Division, CSIR-Indian Institute of Toxicology Research, Lucknow, India.
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2020 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Bacteriology, ISSN 0021-9193, E-ISSN 1098-5530, Vol. 202, nr 6, artikel-id e00668-19Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

When Bacillus subtilis spores detect nutrients, they exit dormancy through the processes of germination and outgrowth. A key step in germination is the activation of two functionally redundant cell wall hydrolases (SleB and CwlJ) that degrade the specialized cortex peptidoglycan that surrounds the spore. How these enzymes are regulated remains poorly understood. To identify additional factors that affect their activity, we used transposon sequencing to screen for synthetic germination defects in spores lacking SleB or CwlJ. Other than the previously characterized protein YpeB, no additional factors were found to be specifically required for SleB activity. In contrast, our screen identified SafA and YlxY (renamed SwsB) in addition to the known factors GerQ and CotE as proteins required for CwlJ function. SafA is a member of the spore's proteinaceous coat and we show that, like GerQ and CotE, it is required for accumulation and retention of CwlJ in the dormant spore. SwsB is broadly conserved among spore formers, and we show that it is required for CwlJ to efficiently degrade the cortex during germination. Intriguingly, SwsB resembles polysaccharide deacetylases, and its putative catalytic residues are required for its role in germination. However, we find no chemical signature of its activity on the spore cortex or in vitro. While the precise, mechanistic role of SwsB remains unknown, we explore and discuss potential activities. IMPORTANCE Spore formation in Bacillus subtilis has been studied for over half a century, and virtually every step in this developmental process has been characterized in molecular detail. In contrast, how spores exit dormancy remains less well understood. A key step in germination is the degradation of the specialized cell wall surrounding the spore called the cortex. Two enzymes (SleB and CwlJ) specifically target this protective layer, but how they are regulated and whether additional factors promote their activity are unknown. Here, we identified the coat protein SafA and a conserved but uncharacterized protein YlxY as additional factors required for CwlJ-dependent degradation of the cortex. Our analysis provides a more complete picture of this essential step in the exit from dormancy.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
American Society for Microbiology , 2020. Vol. 202, nr 6, artikel-id e00668-19
Nyckelord [en]
sporulation, germination, cortex lytic enzymes, deacetylase
Nationell ämneskategori
Mikrobiologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-169085DOI: 10.1128/JB.00668-19ISI: 000517757500003PubMedID: 31871031Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85083401084OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-169085DiVA, id: diva2:1416278
Tillgänglig från: 2020-03-23 Skapad: 2020-03-23 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-03-23Bibliografiskt granskad

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Yadav, Akhilesh K.Cava, Felipe

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Yadav, Akhilesh K.Cava, FelipeRudner, David Z.
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Institutionen för molekylärbiologi (Medicinska fakulteten)Molekylär Infektionsmedicin, Sverige (MIMS)
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Journal of Bacteriology
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