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Socioeconomic factors associated with anaemia among children aged 6–59 months in Namibia
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health. Welwitchia Health Training Centre, Windhoek, Namibia.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0899-2185
University of Namibia, Windhoek, Namibia.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0457-2175
2020 (English)In: Journal of Public Health in Africa, ISSN 2038-9922, E-ISSN 2038-9930, Vol. 11, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Anaemia remains a public health concern, and the its prevalence varies between countries as well as between age, sex and levels of poverty. This study aims at examining the association between socio-demographic factors and anaemia among children aged 6–59 months in Namibia.

Methods: Data was extracted from the 2013 Namibian Demographic Health Survey. The association between anaemia and other factors was examined with logistic regression. Results are reported in odds ratio (OR), with 95% confidence intervals (CI).

Results: In total, 1,383 children aged 6–59 months had complete data and included in the analyses. Our study shows that there is a statistically significantly increased risk of anaemia among children from poorer households compared with the richest quintile. Also, there was a statistically significance supporting anaemia being more common among boys than girls. There was also a statistically significant negative effect related to age.

Discussion: Our study shows that young children, boys and children in poorer households have an increased risk of anaemia. Considering the adverse impact of anaemia on child development, policies must prioritise factors exacerbating anaemia risk.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Pavia, Italy: PAGEPress Publications , 2020. Vol. 11, no 1
Keywords [en]
Anemia, Prevalence, Logistic regression, Demographic Health Survey, Socioeconomic factors
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public health
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-170945DOI: 10.4081/jphia.2020.1131ISI: 000732373000001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85085336391OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-170945DiVA, id: diva2:1431026
Available from: 2020-05-18 Created: 2020-05-18 Last updated: 2023-09-21Bibliographically approved

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Shimanda, Panduleni PenipawaNorström, Fredrik

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