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The mining resource cycle and settlement demography in Malå, Northern Sweden
Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University. Centre for Tourism and Regional Opportunities, Central Queensland University, Cairns, Australia. (Arcum)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8143-123x
Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Várdduo – Centre for Sámi Research. (Arcum)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2354-7258
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8439-2640
2020 (English)In: Polar Record, ISSN 0032-2474, E-ISSN 1475-3057, Vol. 56, article id e10Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Research on the demographic impacts of mining in sparsely populated areas has focused primarily on relatively large towns. Less attention has been paid to smaller villages, which may experience different impacts because of their highly concentrated economies and their small populations, making them more vulnerable to demographic “boom and bust” effects. This paper examines demographic change in four small villages in northern Sweden, which are located close to several mining projects but have evolved through different degrees of integration with or separation from mining. Using a longitudinal “resource cycle” perspective, the demographic trajectories of the villages are compared to understand how different types of settlement and engagement with mining have led to different demographic outcomes in the long term. While the four villages experienced similar trajectories in terms of overall population growth and decline, their experiences in relation to more nuanced indicators, including age and gender distributions and population mobilities, were different, and potential reasons for this are discussed. Due to data limitations, however, the long-term demographic consequences of mining for local Sami people remain unclear. The paper problematises this research gap in light of general concerns about mining impacts on traditional Sami livelihoods.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2020. Vol. 56, article id e10
Keywords [en]
Demographic change, Mining boom, Resource cycle, Small villages, Sparsely populated areas, Northern Sweden
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-171854DOI: 10.1017/S0032247420000200ISI: 000567554700001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85087046284OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-171854DiVA, id: diva2:1438798
Funder
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental ResearchSwedish Research CouncilSwedish Research Council FormasAvailable from: 2020-06-11 Created: 2020-06-11 Last updated: 2023-05-02Bibliographically approved

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Carson, Dean B.Nilsson, Lena MariaCarson, Doris A.

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Arctic Research Centre at Umeå UniversityVárdduo – Centre for Sámi ResearchDepartment of Geography
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