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Solid-state synthesis of few-layer cobalt-doped MoS2 with CoMoS phase on nitrogen-doped graphene driven by microwave irradiation for hydrogen electrocatalysis
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2243-5251
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
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2020 (English)In: RSC Advances, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 10, no 56, p. 34323-34332Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The high catalytic activity of cobalt-doped MoS2 (Co–MoS2) observed in several chemical reactions such as hydrogen evolution and hydrodesulfurization, among others, is mainly attributed to the formation of the CoMoS phase, in which Co occupies the edge-sites of MoS2. Unfortunately, its production represents a challenge due to limited cobalt incorporation and considerable segregation into sulfides and sulfates. We, therefore, developed a fast and efficient solid-state microwave irradiation synthesis process suitable for producing thin Co–MoS2 flakes (∼3–8 layers) attached on nitrogen-doped reduced graphene oxide. The CoMoS phase is predominant in samples with up to 15 at% of cobalt, and only a slight segregation into cobalt sulfides/sulfates is noticed at larger Co content. The Co–MoS2 flakes exhibit a large number of defects resulting in wavy sheets with significant variations in interlayer distance. The catalytic performance was investigated by evaluating the activity towards the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER), and a gradual improvement with increased amount of Co was observed, reaching a maximum at 15 at% with an overpotential of 197 mV at −10 mA cm−2, and a Tafel slope of 61 mV dec−1. The Co doping had little effect on the HER mechanism, but a reduced onset potential and charge transfer resistance contributed to the improved activity. Our results demonstrate the feasibility of using a rapid microwave irradiation process to produce highly doped Co–MoS2 with predominant CoMoS phase, excellent HER activity, and operational stability.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Royal Society of Chemistry, 2020. Vol. 10, no 56, p. 34323-34332
National Category
Materials Chemistry Condensed Matter Physics
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URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-175850DOI: 10.1039/d0ra05560cISI: 000571760600065Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85091771968OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-175850DiVA, id: diva2:1476442
Available from: 2020-10-14 Created: 2020-10-14 Last updated: 2022-09-15Bibliographically approved

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Fan, JunpengEkspong, JoakimGracia-Espino, Eduardo

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