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Potential Effects on Travelers' Air Pollution Exposure and Associated Mortality Estimated for a Mode Shift from Car to Bicycle Commuting
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Section of Sustainable Health.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8854-498x
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2020 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 17, no 20, article id 7635Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study aims to use dispersion-modeled concentrations of nitrogen oxides (NOx) and black carbon (BC) to estimate bicyclist exposures along a network of roads and bicycle paths. Such modeling was also performed in a scenario with increased bicycling. Accumulated concentrations between home and work were thereafter calculated for both bicyclists and drivers of cars. A transport model was used to estimate traffic volumes and current commuting preferences in Stockholm County. The study used individuals' home and work addresses, their age, sex, and an empirical model estimate of their expected physical capacity in order to establish realistic bicycle travel distances. If car commuters with estimated physical capacity to bicycle to their workplace within 30 min changed their mode of transport to bicycle, >110,000 additional bicyclists would be achieved. Time-weighted mean concentrations along paths were, among current bicyclists, reduced from 25.8 to 24.2 mu g/m(3) for NOx and 1.14 to 1.08 mu g/m(3) for BC. Among the additional bicyclists, the yearly mean NOx dose from commuting increased from 0.08 to 1.03 mu g/m(3). This would be expected to yearly cause 0.10 fewer deaths for current bicycling levels and 1.7 more deaths for additional bicycling. This increased air pollution impact is much smaller than the decrease in the total population.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2020. Vol. 17, no 20, article id 7635
Keywords [en]
air pollution, vehicle emissions, bicycle, bicyclist exposure, human health
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-176873DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17207635ISI: 000585515500001PubMedID: 33092089Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85093657028OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-176873DiVA, id: diva2:1502172
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2012-1296Available from: 2020-11-19 Created: 2020-11-19 Last updated: 2023-03-23Bibliographically approved

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Nilsson Sommar, JohanStrömgren, MagnusForsberg, Bertil

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Nilsson Sommar, JohanJohansson, ChristerStrömgren, MagnusForsberg, Bertil
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Section of Sustainable HealthDepartment of Geography
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International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and EpidemiologyTransport Systems and Logistics

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