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Digestion of human milk fat in healthy infants
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk vetenskap, Pediatrik.
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2020 (Engelska)Ingår i: Nutrition Research, ISSN 0271-5317, E-ISSN 1879-0739, Vol. 83, s. 15-29Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Lipid digestion is critical for infant development, and yet, the interconnection between lipid digestion and the microbiota is largely understudied. This review focuses on digestion of the human milk fat globule and summarizes the current understanding of the mechanisms underlying this process in infants. We first discuss the partial hydrolysis of milk fat in the stomach, which leads to rearrangement of lipid droplets, creating a lipid-water interface necessary for duodenal lipolysis. In the first few months of life, secretion of pancreatic triglyceride lipase, phospholipase A2, and bile salts is immature. The dominant lipases aiding fat digestion in the newborn small intestine are therefore pancreatic lipase-related protein 2 and bile salt-stimulated lipase from both the exocrine pancreas and milk. We summarize the interaction between ionic fatty acids and cations to form insoluble fatty acid soaps and how it is influenced by various factors, including cation availability, pH, and bile salt concentration, as well as saturation and chain length of fatty acids. We further argue that the formation of the soap complex does not contribute to lipid bioavailability. Next, the possible roles that the gut microbiota plays in lipid digestion and absorption are discussed. Finally, we provide a perspective on how the manufacturing process of infant formula and dairy products may alter the physical properties and structure of lipid droplets, thereby altering the rate of lipolysis.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier, 2020. Vol. 83, s. 15-29
Nyckelord [en]
Infant, Neonate, Lipid digestion, Milk fat globule, Gut microbiota
Nationell ämneskategori
Pediatrik Näringslära
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-177800DOI: 10.1016/j.nutres.2020.08.002ISI: 000591510000002PubMedID: 32987285Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85091628939OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-177800DiVA, id: diva2:1512916
Tillgänglig från: 2020-12-28 Skapad: 2020-12-28 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-03-24Bibliografiskt granskad

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Hernell, Olle

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