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Recovery from air pollution and subsequent acidification masks the effects of climate change on a freshwater macroinvertebrate community
Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier, Miljöarkeologiska laboratoriet.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-1848-3154
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2021 (Engelska)Ingår i: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 758, artikel-id 143685Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Freshwater ecosystems are dynamic, complex systems with a multitude of physical and ecological processes and stressors which drive fluctuations on the community-level. Disentangling the effects of different processes and stressors is challenging due to their interconnected nature. However, as protected areas (i.e. national parks) are less anthropogenically impacted, they are ideal for investigating single stressors. We focus on the Bavarian Forest National Park, a Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) site in Germany, where the major stressors are climate warming, air pollution (i.e. acidification) and bark beetle infestations. We investigated the effects of these stressors on freshwater macroinvertebrates using comprehensive long-term (1983–2014) datasets comprising high-resolution macroinvertebrate and physico-chemical data from a near-natural stream. Macroinvertebrate communities have undergone substantial changes over the past 32 years, highlighted by increases in overall community abundance (+173%) and richness (+51.6%) as well as taxonomic restructuring driven by a disproportional increase of dipterans. Prior to the year 2000, regression analyses revealed a decline in sulphate deposition and subsequent recovery from historical acidification as potential drivers of the increases in abundance and richness rather than to increases in water temperature (1.5 °C overall increase). Post 2000, however, alterations to nutrient cycling caused by bark beetle infestations coupled with warming temperatures were correlated to taxonomic restructuring and disproportional increases of dipterans at the expense of sensitive taxa such as plecopterans and trichopterans. Our results highlight the challenges when investigating the effects of climate change within a multi-stressor context. Even in conservation areas, recovery from previous disturbance might mask the effects of ongoing disturbances like climate change. Overall, we observed strong community restructuring, demonstrating that stenothermal headwater communities face additional stress due to emerging competition with tolerant taxa. Conservation efforts should consider the temporal variability of communities and their recovery from disturbances to adequately identify species vulnerable to local or widespread extinction.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier, 2021. Vol. 758, artikel-id 143685
Nyckelord [en]
Community variability, Long-term trends, LTER, Macroinvertebrates, Recovery
Nationell ämneskategori
Ekologi
Forskningsämne
miljöarkeologi; miljövetenskap; zooekologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-178275DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.143685ISI: 000605623800089PubMedID: 33288265Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85097449537OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-178275DiVA, id: diva2:1514972
Tillgänglig från: 2021-01-07 Skapad: 2021-01-07 Senast uppdaterad: 2021-02-05Bibliografiskt granskad

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Pilotto, Francesca

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