Umeå universitets logga

umu.sePublikationer
Ändra sökning
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Genetic Dissection of the Fermentative and Respiratory Contributions Supporting Vibrio cholerae Hypoxic Growth
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för molekylärbiologi (Medicinska fakulteten). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Molekylär Infektionsmedicin, Sverige (MIMS). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Umeå Centre for Microbial Research (UCMR).
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Molekylär Infektionsmedicin, Sverige (MIMS). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för molekylärbiologi (Medicinska fakulteten). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Umeå Centre for Microbial Research (UCMR).ORCID-id: 0000-0001-5995-718x
2020 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Bacteriology, ISSN 0021-9193, E-ISSN 1098-5530, Vol. 202, nr 24, artikel-id e00243-20Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Both fermentative and respiratory processes contribute to bacterial metabolic adaptations to low oxygen tension (hypoxia). In the absence of O-2 as a respiratory electron sink, many bacteria utilize alternative electron acceptors, such as nitrate (NO3-). During canonical NO3- respiration, NO3- is reduced in a stepwise manner to N-2 by a dedicated set of reductases. Vibrio cholerae, the etiological agent of cholera, requires only a single periplasmic NO3- reductase (NapA) to undergo NO3- respiration, suggesting that the pathogen possesses a noncanonical NO3- respiratory chain. In this study, we used complementary transposon-based screens to identify genetic determinants of general hypoxic growth and NO3- respiration in V. cholerae. We found that while the V. cholerae NO3- respiratory chain is primarily composed of homologues of established NO3- respiratory genes, it also includes components previously unlinked to this process, such as the Na+-NADH dehydrogenase Nqr. The ethanol-generating enzyme AdhE was shown to be the principal fermentative branch required during hypoxic growth in V. cholerae. Relative to single adhE or napA mutant strains, a V. cholerae strain lacking both genes exhibited severely impaired hypoxic growth in vitro and in vivo. Our findings reveal the genetic basis of a specific interaction between disparate energy production pathways that supports pathogen fitness under shifting conditions. Such metabolic specializations in V. cholerae and other pathogens are potential targets for antimicrobial interventions.

IMPORTANCE Bacteria reprogram their metabolism in environments with low oxygen levels (hypoxia). Typically, this occurs via regulation of two major, but largely independent, metabolic pathways: fermentation and respiration. In this study, we found that the diarrheal pathogen Vibrio cholerae has a respiratory chain for NO3- that consists largely of components found in other NO3- respiratory systems but also contains several proteins not previously linked to this process. Both AdhE-dependent fermentation and NO3- respiration were required for efficient pathogen growth under both laboratory conditions and in an animal infection model. These observations provide a specific example of fermentative respiratory interactions and identify metabolic vulnerabilities that may be targetable for new antimicrobial agents in V. cholerae and related pathogens.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
American Society for Microbiology , 2020. Vol. 202, nr 24, artikel-id e00243-20
Nyckelord [en]
nitrate, fermentation, hypoxia, anaerobic respiration, Vibrio cholerae
Nationell ämneskategori
Mikrobiologi inom det medicinska området
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-178354DOI: 10.1128/JB.00243-20ISI: 000594237800005PubMedID: 32631948Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85096508672OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-178354DiVA, id: diva2:1515936
Konferens
8th Biennial International Conference on the Biology of Vibrios (ICBV), NOV, 2019, McGill Univ, Montreal, CANADA
Tillgänglig från: 2021-01-11 Skapad: 2021-01-11 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-03-24Bibliografiskt granskad

Open Access i DiVA

Fulltext saknas i DiVA

Övriga länkar

Förlagets fulltextPubMedScopus

Person

Bueno, EmilioCava, Felipe

Sök vidare i DiVA

Av författaren/redaktören
Bueno, EmilioCava, Felipe
Av organisationen
Institutionen för molekylärbiologi (Medicinska fakulteten)Molekylär Infektionsmedicin, Sverige (MIMS)Umeå Centre for Microbial Research (UCMR)
I samma tidskrift
Journal of Bacteriology
Mikrobiologi inom det medicinska området

Sök vidare utanför DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetricpoäng

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Totalt: 160 träffar
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf