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Tracheal intubation in traumatic brain injury: a multicentreprospective observational study
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2020 (Engelska)Ingår i: British Journal of Anaesthesia, ISSN 0007-0912, E-ISSN 1471-6771, Vol. 125, nr 4, s. 505-517Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: We aimed to study the associations between pre- and in-hospital tracheal intubation and outcomes intraumatic brain injury (TBI), and whether the association varied according to injury severity.

Methods: Data from the international prospective pan-European cohort study, Collaborative European NeuroTraumaEffectiveness Research for TBI (CENTER-TBI), were used (n¼4509). For prehospital intubation, we excluded selfpresenters. For in-hospital intubation, patients whose tracheas were intubated on-scene were excluded. The associationbetween intubation and outcome was analysed with ordinal regression with adjustment for the International Mission forPrognosis and Analysis of Clinical Trials in TBI variables and extracranial injury. We assessed whether the effect ofintubation varied by injury severity by testing the added value of an interaction term with likelihood ratio tests.

Results: In the prehospital analysis, 890/3736 (24%) patients had their tracheas intubated at scene. In the in-hospitalanalysis, 460/2930 (16%) patients had their tracheas intubated in the emergency department. There was no adjustedoverall effect on functional outcome of prehospital intubation (odds ratio¼1.01; 95% confidence interval, 0.79e1.28;P¼0.96), and the adjusted overall effect of in-hospital intubation was not significant (odds ratio¼0.86; 95% confidenceinterval, 0.65e1.13; P¼0.28). However, prehospital intubation was associated with better functional outcome in patientswith higher thorax and abdominal Abbreviated Injury Scale scores (P¼0.009 and P¼0.02, respectively), whereas inhospital intubation was associated with better outcome in patients with lower Glasgow Coma Scale scores (P¼0.01): inhospital intubation was associated with better functional outcome in patients with Glasgow Coma Scale scores of 10 orlower.

Conclusion: The benefits and harms of tracheal intubation should be carefully evaluated in patients with TBI to optimisebenefit. This study suggests that extracranial injury should influence the decision in the prehospital setting, and level ofconsciousness in the in-hospital setting.

Clinical trial registration: NCT02210221.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier, 2020. Vol. 125, nr 4, s. 505-517
Nyckelord [en]
effectiveness, Europe, neurological outcome, prehospital, tracheal intubation, traumatic brain injury
Nationell ämneskategori
Neurologi Anestesi och intensivvård
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-180295DOI: 10.1016/j.bja.2020.05.067ISI: 000572673400042PubMedID: 32747075Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85088991849OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-180295DiVA, id: diva2:1528765
Tillgänglig från: 2021-02-16 Skapad: 2021-02-16 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-10-26Bibliografiskt granskad

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Koskinen, Lars-Owe D.

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