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Motor imagery ability in 7-year-old children with autism spectrum disorder
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-2804-3200
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.
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2020 (Engelska)Konferensbidrag, Poster (med eller utan abstract) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Knowledge about motor imagery (MI) ability in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is limited and inconclusive in young children with ASD. The aim of the current study was to investigate MI ability in 7-year-old children with ASD.

Patients and methods: Thirteen children with ASD and 13 typically developing (TD) children performed a computerized hand laterality judgement task (HLJ) and a non-corporeal visual imagery (VI) control task. All participants passing a criterion test performed the tasks with images at 4 different rotational increments to vary the MI biomechanical demands (HLJ task) or VI angle rotational demands (VI task). Response times (RT) and accuracy were extracted.

Results: Four children with ASD did not pass the HLJ criterion test and one failed the VI criterion test. The ASD-group had evidently more incorrect responses than TD on both tasks. Analyses of RT showed a biomechanical effect in the MI task and an angle increment effect in the VI task in both groups. Children with ASD had longer RT than TD children on VI but not MI tasks. 

Conclusion: Findings suggest that both the ASD and control children used MI to solve the HLJ task. However, failures to pass the HLJ criterion test and the increased error rate in the ASD group indicate that MI ability is weaker in young children with autism than TD controls. Notably, a large individual variability in employment of MI within the ASD group was found, ranging from functional, fractional but existing, to absent MI ability. 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2020.
Nationell ämneskategori
Psykologi
Forskningsämne
psykologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-181603OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-181603DiVA, id: diva2:1538177
Konferens
32st Annual Meeting of the European Academy of Childhood Disability, virtual, November 25-28, 2020
Forskningsfinansiär
Knut och Alice Wallenbergs Stiftelse, 2015.0192Vetenskapsrådet, 2015-01353Tillgänglig från: 2021-03-18 Skapad: 2021-03-18 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-07-02Bibliografiskt granskad

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Bäckström, AnnaJohansson, Anna-MariaRudolfsson, ThomasRönnqvist, LouiseDomellöf, Erik

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Bäckström, AnnaJohansson, Anna-MariaRudolfsson, ThomasRönnqvist, LouiseDomellöf, Erik
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Institutionen för psykologi
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