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Gender stereotypes and the apology in a small state: Uncovering Creole male stereotypes in the Seychelles using digital matched-guise methodology
School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-4429-5720
Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för språkstudier.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-6828-3009
2020 (Engelska)Ingår i: Small States & Territories Journal, E-ISSN 2616-8006, Vol. 3, nr 1, s. 99-116Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Recent research in the Seychelles speaks of a "growing crisis of masculinity", manifested in statistics such as a ten-year life expectancy difference in favour of women, alarmingly high levels of substance abuse amongst younger men, and underachievement of boys in schools. According to the authors, males are generally disempowered by stereotypical views of males as "irresponsible", "unreliable" and "secondary to women". Similar gender patterns have been observed in other ex-slavery Creole cultures such as the small states in the Caribbean, and some scholars argue that these structures have historical origins dating back to slavery. In this study, we seek to explore aspects of Seychellois stereotypes of masculinity through so-called matched-guise experiments. Through digital manipulations of voice quality, we produce identity-warped male and female versions of the same monologue recording – a short apology. We then asked respondents to listen to the recordings and respond to the same in a short online questionnaire, where we ask questions relating to their impressions of the apology and the speaker. Dimensions here include honesty-dishonesty; politenessimpoliteness; weakness-strength; and reliability-unreliability. Differences in results of responses to male and female versions of the apology give strong indications that Seychellois stereotypically view males as dishonest, unreliable, lazy and careless. We discuss potential origins and consequences of such constructions, and propose awareness-raising measures for how these destructive historically produced scripts of gender can be rewritten. 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Islands and Small States Institute of the University of Malta , 2020. Vol. 3, nr 1, s. 99-116
Nyckelord [en]
digital matched guise methodology, inferiority, masculinity, Seychelles, small states
Nationell ämneskategori
Jämförande språkvetenskap och allmän lingvistik
Forskningsämne
språkvetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-181923OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-181923DiVA, id: diva2:1541634
Projekt
A Cross-Cultural Perspective on Raising of Awareness through Virtual Experiencing (C-RAVE). Wallenberg Foundation.
Forskningsfinansiär
Knut och Alice Wallenbergs Stiftelse, 2013.0103Tillgänglig från: 2021-04-01 Skapad: 2021-04-01 Senast uppdaterad: 2021-04-01Bibliografiskt granskad

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Steinvall, Anders

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Deutschmann, MatsSteinvall, Anders
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