Umeå University's logo

umu.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Overall health impacts of a potential increase in cycle commuting in Stockholm, Sweden
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Section of Sustainable Health.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8854-498x
Department of Environmental Science, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden; Environment and Health Administration, SLB, Stockholm, Sweden..
Environment and Health Administration, SLB, Stockholm, Sweden..
The Research Unit for Movement, Health and Environment, The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Stockholm, Sweden..
Show others and affiliations
2022 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 50, no 5, p. 552-564Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

AIMS: To estimate the overall health impact of transferring commuting trips from car to bicycle.

METHODS: In this study registry information on the location of home and work for residents in Stockholm County was used to obtain the shortest travel route on a network of bicycle paths and roads. Current modes of travel to work were based on travel survey data. The relation between duration of cycling and distance cycled was established as a basis for selecting the number of individuals that normally would drive a car to work, but have a distance to work that they could bicycle within 30 minutes. The change in traffic flows was estimated by a transport model (LuTrans) and effects on road traffic injuries and fatalities were estimated by using national hospital injury data. Effects on air pollution concentrations were modelled using dispersion models.

RESULTS: Within the scenario, 111,000 commuters would shift from car to bicycle. On average the increased physical activity reduced the one-year mortality risk by 12% among the additional bicyclists. Including the number of years lost due to morbidity, the total number of disability adjusted life-years gained was 696. The amount of disability adjusted life-years gained in the general population due to reduced air pollution exposure was 471. The number of disability adjusted life-years lost by traffic injuries was 176. Also including air pollution effects among bicyclists, the net benefit was 939 disability adjusted life-years per year.

CONCLUSIONS: Large health benefits were estimated by transferring commuting by car to bicycle.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2022. Vol. 50, no 5, p. 552-564
Keywords [en]
DALY, Scenario, air pollution, bicycling, health impact assessment, physical activity, traffic injuries, transport
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-183456DOI: 10.1177/14034948211010024ISI: 000651176800001PubMedID: 33977822Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85105938732OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-183456DiVA, id: diva2:1557201
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2012-1296Available from: 2021-05-25 Created: 2021-05-25 Last updated: 2022-11-30Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(194 kB)77 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT02.pdfFile size 194 kBChecksum SHA-512
190caf4f9aee2a418e7f27b085948fe17a9460ccfdd15dd2b99136f19565e0d6763d58c3d2ed1a83cf899df555f768ea65eeb0e53378dfc9f14e9ffe9eeaa0dd
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMedScopus

Authority records

Nilsson Sommar, JohanStrömgren, MagnusForsberg, Bertil

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Nilsson Sommar, JohanStrömgren, MagnusForsberg, Bertil
By organisation
Section of Sustainable HealthDepartment of Geography
In the same journal
Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Transport Systems and Logistics

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 147 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Total: 320 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf