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Sarcopenic Obesity in Africa: A Call for Diagnostic Methods and Appropriate Interventions
SAMRC/Wits Developmental Pathways for Health Research Unit, Department of Paediatrics, School of Clinical Medicine, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa; Health through Physical Activity and Lifestyle Research Centre Division of Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering.
Health through Physical Activity and Lifestyle Research Centre Division of Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa; Non-communicable Diseases Research Unit, South African Medical Research Council Tygerberg, Cape Town, South Africa.
SAMRC/Wits Developmental Pathways for Health Research Unit, Department of Paediatrics, School of Clinical Medicine, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa; Health through Physical Activity and Lifestyle Research Centre Division of Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.
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2021 (Engelska)Ingår i: Frontiers in Nutrition, E-ISSN 2296-861X, Vol. 8, artikel-id 661170Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This perspective aims to highlight the lack of current knowledge on sarcopenic obesity in Africa and to call for diagnostic methods and appropriate interventions. Sarcopenic obesity has been defined as obesity that occurs in combination with low muscle mass and function, which is typically evident in older adults. However, there has been no clear consensus on population-specific diagnostic criterion, which includes both gold-standard measures that can be used in a more advanced health care system, and surrogate measures that can be used in low-income settings with limited resources and funding. Importantly, low and middle-income countries (LMICs) across Africa are in an ongoing state of economic and social transition, which has contributed to an increase in the aging population, alongside the added burden of poverty, obesity, and associated co-morbidities. It is anticipated that alongside the increased prevalence of obesity, these countries will further experience an increase in age-related musculoskeletal diseases such as sarcopenia. The developmental origins of health and disease (DOHaD) approach will allow clinicians and researchers to consider developmental trajectories, and the influence of the environment, for targeting high-risk individuals and communities for treatment and/or prevention-based interventions that are implemented throughout all stages of the life course. Once a valid and reliable diagnostic criterion is developed, we can firstly assess the prevalence and burden of sarcopenic obesity in LMICs in Africa, and secondly, develop appropriate and sustainable interventions that target improved dietary and physical activity behaviors throughout the life course.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Frontiers Media S.A., 2021. Vol. 8, artikel-id 661170
Nyckelord [en]
aging, low and middle-income countries, muscle function, muscle quality, quality of life, sarcopenia, skeletal muscle
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-183532DOI: 10.3389/fnut.2021.661170ISI: 000645443700001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85105239787OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-183532DiVA, id: diva2:1557248
Tillgänglig från: 2021-05-25 Skapad: 2021-05-25 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-09-05Bibliografiskt granskad

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Lundin-Olsson, Lillemor

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