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Från småskaligt och närodlat till en global handel: Hundra år av tillväxt och omvandling för svensk trädgårdsproduktion
Göteborgs universitet.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Unit of Economic History.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7545-6991
2021 (Swedish)In: Historisk Tidsskrift, ISSN 0018-263X, E-ISSN 1504-2944, Vol. 141, no 2, p. 235-259Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

I denna uppsats beskrivs och förklaras huvuddragen av svensk trädgårdsproduktions utveckling i relief mot den svenska ekonomins utveckling, från sent 1800-taloch fram till 1970-talet. I industrialiseringens kölvatten skedde en omvandling ochkraftig tillväxt som fortgått sedan dess. Grönsaker, frukt och bär med mera tillfredsställde nya smakpreferenser. Handeln med trädgårdsprodukter ökade, bådeinom landet och genom import, och en ökande konkurrens drev på förändringar ibranschen.

Abstract [en]

This essay investigates the long-term development of Swedish horticulture from the industrial revolution to the 1970s. It calls for future research in the history of horticulture and provides a supportive analytical framework for this. With reference to international research, it argues that the nutritional transition was shaped by consumer preferences and by demand and supply capacity.

The breakthrough for the Swedish horticultural industry in the late 19th century can be explained by an increased demand capacity caused by rising incomes and new consumption patterns. The shortcomings of domestic supply capacity soon became evident as imports increased rapidly from around 1900. Global competition has remained tough and has shaped domestic production ever since. The World Wars changed competition in favour of domestic producers, who were still unable to keep up with demand, however. The interwar period brought increased state regulations of agriculture, but horticultural production remained unregulated. The rapid expansion of global trade after the Second World War brought back intense competition, but also a successful transformation and improved efficiency supported by state aid. The recession and rising energy prices caused by the oil crises of the 1970s hit Swedish producers hard, especially greenhouse production. However, it also brought a new wave of improved efficiency of, for instance, energy and surface use. New innovations spread worldwide. Increased efficiency also meant that visual appearance and sturdiness took precedence over taste and scent in production. Negative reports concerning consequences of using pesticides appeared already in the late 1960s. But the integration of chemical fertilizers, pesticides and fossil fuels into rationalized production systems made change difficult.

Since the industrial revolution Swedish horticulture has been unable to satisfy an ever-growing demand. With the exception of disruptions caused by the World Wars, growing imports have put pressure on Swedish producers who have responded with innovations and improved efficiency. However, part of the explanation why Swedish producers have persevered despite global competition lies in consumer preferences. Consumers have continued to favour domestic production.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Svenska Historiska Föreningen, 2021. Vol. 141, no 2, p. 235-259
Keywords [en]
history of horticulture, horticulture, nutritional transition, fruit, vegetables, consumer preferences, consumption patterns
National Category
History
Research subject
History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-183617ISI: 000670005000004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-183617DiVA, id: diva2:1557683
Note

Alternative title: "From small-scale and locally grown to a global trade: A century of growth and transformation of Swedish horticulture"

Available from: 2021-05-26 Created: 2021-05-26 Last updated: 2021-09-20Bibliographically approved

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Bohman, Magnus

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
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