Umeå University's logo

umu.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Northern cities and urban–rural migration of university-qualified labour in Australia and Sweden: Spillovers, sponges, or disconnected city–hinterland geographies?
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography. Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University. (Arcum)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8439-2640
Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health. School of Business and Law, CQUniversity, QLD, Cairns, Australia. (Arcum)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8143-123x
Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University. (Arcum)
2021 (English)In: Geographical Research, ISSN 1745-5863, E-ISSN 1745-5871, Vol. 59, no 3, p. 424-438Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article examines the migration flows of university-qualified labour (UQL) between cities and hinterland regions in the sparsely populated north of both Australia and Sweden. These peripheries have become increasingly urbanised in recent decades and have received substantial investment in urban higher education hubs that are expected to generate skills for their regions. Whether these skills remain within the few urban centres or are redistributed internally to benefit rural and remote locations is not known. The article identifies the extent to which there have been urban–rural ‘spillover’ or ‘sponge’ effects in UQL migration flows within the north and establishes whether there has been a ‘disconnect’ in the regional exchange of UQL. Drawing on recent Australian census and Swedish register data, the results suggest that ‘spillover’ and ‘sponging’ of UQL have been limited, particularly in Northern Australia where cities appeared quite disconnected from their hinterlands. Spillover was more common in Northern Sweden, but cities with universities targeting regional skill needs did not necessarily generate more net-migration gains for their hinterland. The discussion illustrates why urban–rural human capital relationships in northern peripheries may be more diverse and complex than assumed and flags what policy lessons can be drawn from comparing different northern peripheries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2021. Vol. 59, no 3, p. 424-438
Keywords [en]
human capital, Northern Australia, Northern Sweden, sponge city, university-qualified labour, urban–rural spillover
National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-183581DOI: 10.1111/1745-5871.12476ISI: 000647465000001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85105226186OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-183581DiVA, id: diva2:1558595
Available from: 2021-05-31 Created: 2021-05-31 Last updated: 2023-05-02Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(2889 kB)224 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT02.pdfFile size 2889 kBChecksum SHA-512
e89bb97b23122ee97cf34a987ea9cd5cfbaf5270b04d4cb126368f6e3de24a672bd86dd11d91d78fb1557f85b6547df956260b7f089ace8d4da3b28d3e474c39
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

Publisher's full textScopus

Authority records

Carson, Doris A.Carson, Dean B.Lundström, Linus

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Carson, Doris A.Carson, Dean B.Lundström, Linus
By organisation
Department of GeographyArctic Research Centre at Umeå UniversityDepartment of Epidemiology and Global Health
In the same journal
Geographical Research
Human Geography

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 268 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 304 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf