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Social Capital Inequality and Capital Structure of New Firms in a Developing Country: The Role of Bank Ties
Phenikaa University, Hanoi, Viet Nam.
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Företagsekonomi. Gothenburg Research Institute, University of Gothenburg School of Business, Economics and Law. (RiseB)ORCID-id: 0000-0003-4260-7276
Louvain School of Management, Université Catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium.
IPAG Business School, Paris Campus, Paris, France.
2021 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, ISSN 1355-2554, E-ISSN 1758-6534, Vol. 27, nr 7, s. 1649-1673Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: This article aims to clarify the role of social capital and social capital inequality embedded in bank ties in enabling and diversifying new firms' debt use.

Design/methodology/approach: The study adopts a quantitative method, using an unbalanced longitudinal dataset covering three year - –2011, 2013 and 2015 - from a project on small manufacturing enterprises in Vietnam. The sample consists of 513 firm-year observations.

Findings: Network extensity and network mobilisation increase new firms' debt use. Differences in ascribed and attained social statuses (i.e. gender, generation, business association membership and political affiliation) result in social capital inequality between entrepreneurs. Entrepreneurs who are of a younger generation, have higher levels of education and are not members of the Communist Party benefit less from social capital than those who are older, have less education and are party members.

Originality/value: The effects of access to and the use of the social capital embedded in bank ties on new firms' debt use are both studied. The sources of social capital inequality are investigated at the individual level through distinguishing ascribed and attained social statuses and explained by two mechanisms: capital deficit and return deficit. The moderating effects of social capital inequality are also examined.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2021. Vol. 27, nr 7, s. 1649-1673
Nyckelord [en]
Capital structure, new firms, social capital, network, bank ties, developing countries
Nationell ämneskategori
Företagsekonomi
Forskningsämne
företagsekonomi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-183891DOI: 10.1108/IJEBR-11-2020-0754ISI: 000663124500001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85108204593OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-183891DiVA, id: diva2:1559976
Projekt
Capital structure, survival, innovation and performance of entrepreneurial firms in developing and transition economies: The case of Vietnam. Funded by Vietnam National Foundation for Science and Technology Development (NAFOSTED) grant number 502.02-2017.10.Tillgänglig från: 2021-06-03 Skapad: 2021-06-03 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-01-12Bibliografiskt granskad

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Evansluong, Quang

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