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Building Peace in the Shadow of War: Women-to-Women Diplomacy as Alternative Peacebuilding Practice in Myanmar
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-7133-314X
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-2400-9144
2021 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding, ISSN 1750-2977, E-ISSN 1750-2985, Vol. 15, nr 3, s. 347-366Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Conventional assumptions locating peacebuilding temporally after violence have largely prevented exploration of how peacebuilding is practiced amidst conditions of ongoing violence. This article addresses this gap by analysing how Myanmar women's activists have devised strategies in pursuit of peace, amidst ongoing armed conflict, from the 1990s and onwards. The findings demonstrate that women's inter-ethnic cooperation contributed to transform conflict divides long before the initiation of formal national peace negotiations in 2011. Further, theorizing these peacebuilding practices, the article provides new insights into the dynamics of women's peace activism of relevance beyond the case of Myanmar.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Routledge, 2021. Vol. 15, nr 3, s. 347-366
Nyckelord [en]
Women's activism, gender equality, inter-ethnic dialogue, Women's League of Burma, Peacebuilding
Nationell ämneskategori
Statsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
freds- och konfliktforskning
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-183911DOI: 10.1080/17502977.2021.1917254ISI: 000653555700001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85104696714OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-183911DiVA, id: diva2:1560564
Ingår i projekt
Feminister, etno-nationalister och fredsaktivister? Vilken roll spelar kvinnoorganisationer i diasporan för fredsbyggande i Burma?, VetenskapsrådetVarianter av fred, Riksbankens Jubileumsfond
Forskningsfinansiär
Vetenskapsrådet, 2015-01756Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, M16-0297:1Vetenskapsrådet, 2013-06334Tillgänglig från: 2021-06-04 Skapad: 2021-06-04 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-03-24Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Women-to-women diplomacy: the pursuit of feminist peace in Georgia and Myanmar
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Women-to-women diplomacy: the pursuit of feminist peace in Georgia and Myanmar
2022 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Alternativ titel[sv]
Kvinnor-till-kvinnor diplomati : försök att bygga feministisk fred i Georgien och Myanmar
Abstract [en]

Why and how do women engage in peacebuilding efforts across conflict divides? This dissertation coins a novel concept, women-to-women diplomacy – or W2WD – to explore women’s peace activism in Georgia and Myanmar. W2WD consists of three components: 1) the promotion of women’s agency as a key aspect of mobilisation and peacebuilding practices; 2) women’s own experiences of conflict as a basis for bridging divides; and 3) women’s visions of gender equality as a fundamental part of peace. This concept emerged from my empirical observations of women’s organisations and activists from Georgia and Myanmar as charted through interviews and participant observation. It also builds on previous research on bottom-up peacebuilding and literature on women and peace. Until now there has been limited knowledge about the practices, motivations and visions of peace underpinning women’s peacebuilding efforts. This dissertation addresses this gap by exploring women’s peace activism at different stages of inter-ethnic civil conflict based on case studies from two conflict contexts, Georgia and Myanmar, covering situations of active fighting, ongoing peace negotiations, and frozen conflicts. The dissertation shows that W2WD is an alternative peacebuilding approach which creates platforms for dialogue and cooperation by facilitating personal encounters between women who share both experiences of conflict as well as a common goal of achieving equal rights. By developing the concept of W2WD, this dissertation theorizes and makes visible recurring patterns in women’s peacebuilding practices across conflict settings and contributes a new analytical framework that can be used in further research. The findings of this dissertation are also important for practitioners who wish to broaden their understanding of women’s organisations as key partners in the formulation of alternative peacebuilding strategies.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Umeå: Umeå University, 2022. s. 86
Serie
Statsvetenskapliga institutionens skriftserie, ISSN 0349-0831 ; 2022:2
Nyckelord
Women’s activism, gender equality, feminist peace, agency, bottom-up peacebuilding, Georgia, Myanmar, women-to-women diplomacy, Kvinnors aktivism, jämställdhet, feministisk fred, fredsbyggande på gräsrotsnivå, Georgia, Myanmar, kvinnor-till-kvinnor diplomati
Nationell ämneskategori
Tvärvetenskapliga studier inom samhällsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
freds- och konfliktforskning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-201149 (URN)978-91-7855-930-5 (ISBN)978-91-7855-931-2 (ISBN)
Disputation
2022-12-16, Hörsal UB.A.220, Lindellhallen 2, Umeå universitet, 901 87 Umeå, Umeå, 13:15 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Forskningsfinansiär
Vetenskapsrådet, 2013-06334Vetenskapsrådet, 2015-01756
Tillgänglig från: 2022-11-25 Skapad: 2022-11-21 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-11-22Bibliografiskt granskad

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