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Interpersonal complementarity and gender: Contextual influences on perception of personality
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Statistics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8601-0159
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2021 (English)In: Social behavior and personality, ISSN 0301-2212, E-ISSN 1179-6391, Vol. 49, no 6, article id e9812Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Contextual influences have long been recognized as an important factor explaining individual differences in perception of personality traits. In this study we investigated whether interpersonal complementarity creates a context for the perception of personality traits, and whether gender stereotypes play a role in the process. Participants were 205 students taking a personality psychology course. They evaluated personality traits in the context of observing an interpersonal exchange that reflected complementarity. Among the respondents, 103 made the evaluation based on a gender stereotypical exchange (dominant male-submissive female) and 102 based their evaluation on a gender counterstereotypical exchange (dominant female-submissive male). Results reveal that interpersonal context had a stronger influence on ratings of conscientiousness, openness, and emotional stability traits than it did on extraversion and agreeableness trait ratings. Furthermore, openness and conscientiousness were particularly susceptible to gender-based stereotypes in the context of interpersonal complementarity. These results suggest that both interpersonal complementarity and gender stereotypes influence the perception of personality traits, but that they do so in a way that is unique to each trait.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Scientific Journal Publishers , 2021. Vol. 49, no 6, article id e9812
Keywords [en]
Big Five personality traits, Gender stereotypes, Interpersonal complementarity, Interpersonal exchange, Perception of personality traits, Social roles
National Category
Social Psychology Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-184909DOI: 10.2224/sbp.9812ISI: 000661110100001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85107717004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-184909DiVA, id: diva2:1570117
Available from: 2021-06-21 Created: 2021-06-21 Last updated: 2023-09-26Bibliographically approved

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Vishwanatha, KalyaniHakelind, CamillaSteinvall, AndersSvensson, Johan

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Vishwanatha, KalyaniHakelind, CamillaSteinvall, AndersSvensson, Johan
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Department of PsychologyDepartment of language studiesStatistics
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Social behavior and personality
Social PsychologyPsychology (excluding Applied Psychology)

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