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When I was growing up: The lasting impact of immigrant presence on native-born American attitudes towards immigrants and immigration
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-9023-7316
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-2500-1686
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-4203-5394
2022 (Engelska)Ingår i: European Sociological Review, ISSN 0266-7215, E-ISSN 1468-2672, Vol. 38, nr 2, s. 169-188Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Scholarship, including seminal research on prejudice, identifies adolescence as a critical period for the development of attitudes. Yet most sociological research on prejudice, especially in the form of anti-immigrant sentiment, focuses on the relationship between contemporaneous social conditions and attitudes towards out-groups while neglecting the demographic context during one’s impressionable years. Therefore, we design research to investigate the relationship among temporally distal and temporally proximal sub-national contexts and native-born attitudes towards immigration and immigrants. To do this, we merge geocoded data from the General Social Survey (1994–2016) with a unique US state-level dataset (1900–2015). Results from multilevel models reveal that immigrant presence during adolescence is a more consistent predictor of attitudes towards immigration and immigrants in adulthood. Thus, while the majority of sociological research on anti-immigrant sentiment asks ifsocietal conditions matter, our results suggest that a more important question is when the context matters.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Oxford University Press, 2022. Vol. 38, nr 2, s. 169-188
Nyckelord [en]
prejudice, immigration, formative years, regional contexts
Nationell ämneskategori
Sociologi (exklusive socialt arbete, socialpsykologi och socialantropologi)
Forskningsämne
sociologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-186323DOI: 10.1093/esr/jcab038ISI: 000756330400001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85128402593OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-186323DiVA, id: diva2:1581499
Ingår i projekt
Hur fördomar utvecklas, Forte, Forskningsrådet för hälsa, arbetsliv och välfärdFrämlingsfientlighet i ett föränderligt Europa., Riksbankens Jubileumsfond
Forskningsfinansiär
Forte, Forskningsrådet för hälsa, arbetsliv och välfärd, 2016-07177Marianne och Marcus Wallenbergs Stiftelse, 2014.0019Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P14-0775:1
Anmärkning

Originally included in thesis in manuscript form with title: "When I was growing up": The lasting impact of immigrant presence on native-born American attitudes towards immigrants and immigration

Tillgänglig från: 2021-07-21 Skapad: 2021-07-21 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-05-04Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Prejudice in context over time: how demographic, economic and social conditions influence anti-immigrant attitudes in adolescents and adults
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Prejudice in context over time: how demographic, economic and social conditions influence anti-immigrant attitudes in adolescents and adults
2020 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Background Thesis explores the contexts that influence anti-immigrant attitudes in both adolescents and adults, and how contexts influence changes anti-immigrant attitudes in societies over time. Whereas previous research into anti-immigrant attitudes has either focused on micro socialization factors in adolescence, or threat inducing factors in adulthood; this thesis forwards an approach that synthesizes these two ideas. This approach includes four aspects: 1) Macro level contexts influence of prejudice during adolescence 2) Macro contextual factors, not strictly limited to direct competition over resources are important for prejudicial attitudes 3) These contexts are potentially changing over time, and changes in conditions should be related to changes in attitudes, and 4) The effects of these macro contexts on prejudicial attitudes during adolescence cast a long shadow over the rest of people’s lives.

Methods The methods used in this thesis employ a diverse range of datasets from Sweden (YeS), Germany (CILS4EU), the United States (GSS) and Europe (ESS) to measure attitudes towards immigrants. Each of these datasets allow for both comparative and longitudinal analysis with multi-level models, and contextual indicators that expand with each study from classrooms to regions, and finally countries.

Results The findings support the proposed approach. Demographic, economic and attitudinal contexts in adolescence influence attitudes about immigrants. Similarly, changes in contexts over time are also important. In contrast, only historic demographic and economic conditions experienced in adolescence, and contemporary levels of social trust influence attitudes in adults.

Conclusion This thesis makes both a theoretical and empirical contributions to the literature on anti-immigrant attitudes. By combining previous approaches it draws attention to both different types of contexts and when they should be important in relation to anti-immigrant attitudes. It also shows empirical evidence for each aspect of this approach with longitudinal analyses.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Umeå: Umeå universitet, Sociologiska institutionen, 2020. s. 41
Serie
Akademiska avhandlingar vid Sociologiska institutionen, Umeå universitet, ISSN 1104-2508 ; 83
Nyckelord
Anti-immigrant attitudes, context, adolescence, formative years, impressionable years, social trust, social change, attitude change, longitudinal analysis, attitudinal environments
Nationell ämneskategori
Socialt arbete
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-167741 (URN)978-91-7855-199-6 (ISBN)978-91-7855-200-9 (ISBN)
Disputation
2020-02-21, Hörsal 1031, Norra Beteendeveterhuset, Umeå, 13:15 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2020-02-03 Skapad: 2020-02-03 Senast uppdaterad: 2021-10-12Bibliografiskt granskad

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Eger, Maureen A.Hjerm, Mikael

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