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Virtual reality exercises in an interdisciplinary rehabilitation programme for persons with chronic neck pain: A feasibility study
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Danderyd University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Rehabilitation Medicine. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Section of Physiotherapy. Karolinska Institutet, Department of Clinical Sciences, Division of Rehabilitation Medicine, Danderyd Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2916-0628
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Section of Physiotherapy. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Rehabilitation Medicine. (Charlotte Häger U-Motion Laboratory)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0366-4609
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Danderyd University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Karolinska Institutet, Department of Clinical Sciences, Division of Rehabilitation Medicine, Danderyd Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
2021 (English)In: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, ISSN 1650-1977, E-ISSN 1651-2081, Vol. 4, article id 1000067Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: To investigate the feasibility of a virtual reality exercise intervention within an interdisciplinary rehabilitation programme for persons with chronic neck pain. The effects of the intervention on symptom severity, variables related to chronic neck pain, and patients' experience of exercises were assessed.

Methods: Nine women and 3 men participated in a 6-week virtual reality exercise intervention during an interdisciplinary rehabilitation programme. Symptom severity was rated before and after each session of virtual reality exercise, using questionnaires before and after the interdisciplinary rehabilitation programme, and questions about participants' experiences.Results: Neck pain symptoms increased temporarily during the exercises, but no lasting deterioration was found after the interdisciplinary rehabilitation programme. Depression, pain interference, pain control, sleep and kinesiophobia improved significantly after the programme. Participants experienced that the virtual reality exercises increased motivation to exercise and provided a focus other than pain. However, the equipment was heavy; and exercising was tiring and reminded them of their challenges.

Conclusion: This study indicates that virtual reality exercises as part of an interdisciplinary rehabilitation programme are feasible and safe for patients with chronic neck pain. Pain symptoms may increase temporarily during the exercises. Virtual reality exercises may support participants by increasing motivation to exercise and providing helpful feedback. Further research into the added value of virtual reality exercises in an interdisciplinary rehabilitation programme for patients with chronic neck pain is warranted.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2021. Vol. 4, article id 1000067
Keywords [en]
neck pain, whiplash-associated disorders, virtual reality, interdisciplinary rehabilitation, exercise, feasibility
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Rehabilitation Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-187216DOI: 10.2340/20030711-1000067OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-187216DiVA, id: diva2:1591375
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Region StockholmAvailable from: 2021-09-06 Created: 2021-09-06 Last updated: 2021-10-28Bibliographically approved

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Stålnacke, Britt-MarieHäger, Charlotte

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