Umeå University's logo

umu.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Large-scale migration into Britain during the Middle to Late Bronze Age
Show others and affiliations
2022 (English)In: Nature, ISSN 0028-0836, E-ISSN 1476-4687, p. 588-594Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Present-day people from England and Wales harbour more ancestry derived from Early European Farmers (EEF) than people of the Early Bronze Age1. To understand this, we generated genome-wide data from 793 individuals, increasing data from the Middle to Late Bronze and Iron Age in Britain by 12-fold, and Western and Central Europe by 3.5-fold. Between 1000 and 875 BC, EEF ancestry increased in southern Britain (England and Wales) but not northern Britain (Scotland) due to incorporation of migrants who arrived at this time and over previous centuries, and who were genetically most similar to ancient individuals from France. These migrants contributed about half the ancestry of Iron Age people of England and Wales, thereby creating a plausible vector for the spread of early Celtic languages into Britain. These patterns are part of a broader trend of EEF ancestry becoming more similar across central and western Europe in the Middle to Late Bronze Age, coincident with archaeological evidence of intensified cultural exchange2-6. There was comparatively less gene flow from continental Europe during the Iron Age, and Britain's independent genetic trajectory is also reflected in the rise of the allele conferring lactase persistence to ~50% by this time compared to ~7% in central Europe where it rose rapidly in frequency only a millennium later. This suggests that dairy products were used in qualitatively different ways in Britain and in central Europe over this period.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Nature Publishing Group, 2022. p. 588-594
Keywords [en]
DNA, archaeology, bronze age, Britain
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
Archaeology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-191004DOI: 10.1038/s41586-021-04287-4ISI: 000744418000001PubMedID: 34937049Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85121633354OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-191004DiVA, id: diva2:1624798
Funder
Wellcome trust, 100713/Z/12/ZNIH (National Institute of Health), GM100233Available from: 2022-01-05 Created: 2022-01-05 Last updated: 2022-10-31Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMedScopus

Authority records

Budd, ChelseaLillie, Malcolm

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Budd, ChelseaLillie, Malcolm
By organisation
Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies
In the same journal
Nature
Archaeology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Total: 382 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf