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Trajectories of Spatial Assimilation or Place Stratification?: A Typology of Residence and Workplace Histories of Newly Arrived Migrants in Sweden
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography. Institute for Analytical Sociology, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5219-6784
Institute of Urban Geography and Tourism Studies, University of Łódź, Łódź, Poland;Centre for Migration and Urban Studies, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8913-7262
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2796-3547
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2022 (English)In: The international migration review, ISSN 0197-9183, E-ISSN 1747-7379, Vol. 56, no 2, p. 433-462Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In most societies, resources and opportunities are concentrated in neighbor-hoods and workplaces occupied by the host population. The spatial assimilationand place stratification theories propose trajectories (the sequences of events)leading to minority and migrant access to or exclusion from these advantageousplaces. However, most previous research on these theories did not ask whethersuch theorized trajectories occur. We apply sequence analysis to decade-long res-idence and workplace histories of newly arrived migrants in Sweden to identify atypology of combined residence-work trajectories. The seven types of trajecto-ries in our typology are characterized by varying degrees of proximity to thehost population in residential neighborhoods and workplaces and by different pat-terns of change in such proximity over time. The pivotal role of socioeconomicgains in spatial assimilation, posited by the namesake theory, is not supported, aswe do not find that migrant employment precedes residence alongside the hostpopulation. The importance of housing-market discrimination for migrants’exclusion from host-dominated spaces, posited by place stratification theory, isonly weakly supported, as we find that migrants from less affluent countries accu-mulate disadvantage over time, likely due to discrimination in both the labor andhousing markets. Our findings also underscore the need for new theories explain-ing migrant residential outcomes which apply to contexts where migrant-denseneighborhoods are still forming.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2022. Vol. 56, no 2, p. 433-462
Keywords [en]
spatial assimilation, place stratification, sequence analysis
National Category
Sociology Human Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-191041DOI: 10.1177/01979183211037314ISI: 000739852200001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85122379793OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-191041DiVA, id: diva2:1625114
Part of project
Segregated biographies and immigrant residential integration, Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and WelfareAvailable from: 2022-01-05 Created: 2022-01-05 Last updated: 2022-08-04Bibliographically approved

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Chihaya Da Silva, Guilherme KenjyStrömgren, MagnusLindgren, Urban

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