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The transmutation of dignity: Kant, neo-roman republicanism, and the commonwealth of ends
Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
2022 (Engelska)Ingår i: Human dignity and the kingdom of ends: Kantian perspectives and practical applications / [ed] Jan-Willem van der Rijt; Adam Cureton, New York: Routledge, 2022, s. 148-167Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

This chapter examines the way Kant transforms the older, hierarchical notion of dignity into the essentially egalitarian notion of dignity we know today. The chapter starts with a discussion of the Roman notion of dignitas, with its focus on highly stratified social status, personal duty, and reputation. It then argues that a crucial development in the understanding of dignity took place in the early modern period, when neo-Roman republican thinkers maintained that dignity requires a person to be ‘sui iuris’, i.e., free from domination. In doing so, they turned dignity into a largely binary notion, juxtaposing the dignity of a freeman with the wretched condition of a slave. The chapter then turns to Kant’s introduction of dignity in the Groundwork. It demonstrates that, when Kant grounds the moral agent’s dignity in his/her status as a lawgiver in a Commonwealth of Ends, Kant is relying on this same binary understanding of dignity. The significance of this anti-slavery theme is further underlined by the pains Kant takes to ensure that God’s status within the Commonwealth of Ends is consistent with the dignity of human beings. Lastly, the chapter draws out an important implication of Kant’s account, namely that taking up the practical perspective necessarily commits a person to recognizing his/her own dignity as well as that of others.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
New York: Routledge, 2022. s. 148-167
Serie
Routledge studies in eighteenth-century philosophy
Nyckelord [en]
Dignity, Kant, Commonwealth of Ends, Kingdom of Ends, dignitas, neo-Roman republicanism, non-domination, sui iuris, moral lawgiving, slavery, God
Nationell ämneskategori
Etik Filosofi Idé- och lärdomshistoria
Forskningsämne
etik; praktisk filosofi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-191118DOI: 10.4324/9781003027874-10ISBN: 978-0-367-46001-3 (tryckt)ISBN: 978-1-032-18561-3 (tryckt)ISBN: 978-1-003-02787-4 (digital)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-191118DiVA, id: diva2:1625934
Tillgänglig från: 2022-01-10 Skapad: 2022-01-10 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-01-11Bibliografiskt granskad

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