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The Aged Striatum: Evidence of Molecular and Structural Changes Using a Longitudinal Multimodal Approach in Mice
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för integrativ medicinsk biologi (IMB).ORCID-id: 0000-0002-2507-7675
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för integrativ medicinsk biologi (IMB). (SARIF)ORCID-id: 0000-0003-0806-3332
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för integrativ medicinsk biologi (IMB).ORCID-id: 0000-0002-5589-9864
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Umeå centrum för molekylär medicin (UCMM).
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2022 (Engelska)Ingår i: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience, ISSN 1663-4365, E-ISSN 1663-4365, Vol. 14, artikel-id 795132Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

To study the aging human brain requires significant resources and time. Thus, mice models of aging can provide insight into changes in brain biological functions at a fraction of the time when compared to humans. This study aims to explore changes in dopamine D1 and D2 receptor availability and of gray matter density in striatum during aging in mice and to evaluate whether longitudinal imaging in mice may serve as a model for normal brain aging to complement cross-sectional research in humans. Mice underwent repeated structural magnetic resonance imaging (sMRI), and [11C]Raclopride and [11C]SCH23390 positron emission tomography (PET) was performed on a subset of aging mice. PET and sMRI data were analyzed by binding potential (BP ND ), voxel- and tensor-based morphometry (VBM and TBM, respectively). Longitudinal PET revealed a significant reduction in striatal BP ND for D2 receptors over time, whereas no significant change was found for D1 receptors. sMRI indicated a significant increase in modulated gray matter density (mGMD) over time in striatum, with limited clusters showing decreased mGMD. Mouse [11C]Raclopride data is compatible with previous reports in human cross-sectional studies, suggesting that a natural loss of dopaminergic D2 receptors in striatum can be assessed in mice, reflecting estimates from humans. No changes in D1 were found, which may be attributed to altered [11C]SCH23390 kinetics in anesthetized mice, suggesting that this tracer is not yet able to replicate human findings. sMRI revealed a significant increase in mGMD. Although contrary to expectations, this increase in modulated GM density may be attributed to an age-related increase in non-neuronal cells.

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Frontiers Media S.A., 2022. Vol. 14, artikel-id 795132
Nyckelord [en]
PET, VBM, aging, dopamine, senescence, structural MRI
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Neurovetenskaper
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-193466DOI: 10.3389/fnagi.2022.795132ISI: 000751826100001PubMedID: 35140600Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85124354218OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-193466DiVA, id: diva2:1649238
Tillgänglig från: 2022-04-04 Skapad: 2022-04-04 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-05-04Bibliografiskt granskad

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Giacobbo, B.Özalay, ÖzgunMediavilla, TomásEricsson, MadeleneAxelsson, JanRieckmann, AnnaSultan, FahadMarcellino, Daniel

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Giacobbo, B.Özalay, ÖzgunMediavilla, TomásEricsson, MadeleneAxelsson, JanRieckmann, AnnaSultan, FahadMarcellino, Daniel
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Institutionen för integrativ medicinsk biologi (IMB)Umeå centrum för molekylär medicin (UCMM)RadiofysikDiagnostisk radiologi
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