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Dataset on seston and zooplankton fatty-acid compositions, zooplankton and phytoplankton biomass, and environmental conditions of coastal and offshore waters of the northern Baltic Sea
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences. Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Animal Science and Export Agriculture, Uva Wellassa University, Passara Road, Badulla, Sri Lanka. (EcoChange; UMFpub)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7211-6374
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences. Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Umeå Marine Sciences Centre (UMF). (EcoChange; UMFpub)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1298-3839
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences. Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Umeå Marine Sciences Centre (UMF). (EcoChange; UMFpub)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7819-9038
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences. Department of Aquatic Sciences and Assessment, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3246-7508
2022 (English)In: Data in Brief, E-ISSN 2352-3409, Vol. 42, article id 108158Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We analyzed the taxonomic and fatty-acid (FA) compositions of phytoplankton and zooplankton, and the environmental conditions at three coastal and offshore stations of the northern Baltic Sea. Plankton samples for FA analyses were collected under the framework of sampling campaigns of the Swedish National Marine Monitoring program in September 2017. Monitoring data of phytoplankton and zooplankton biomass, and environmental variables at each station were extracted from the Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute database (https://sharkweb.smhi.se/). Monthly phytoplankton biomass at each station in July-September 2017 was aggregated by class (i.e., chyrsophytes, cryptophytes, dinoflagellates, diatoms, euglenophytes, cyanobacteria, etc.). Zooplankton biomass in September 2017 was aggregated by major taxa (i.e., Acartia sp. [Calanoida], Eurytemora affinis [Calanoida], Cladocera, Limnocalanus macrurus and other copepods (i.e. excluding Eurytemora and Acartia)). Environmental variables monthly monitored in January-October 2017 included salinity, concentrations of dissolved organic carbon, humic substances, total nitrogen and total phosphorus. These variables were measured from 0 to 10 m depth below water surface, and the depth-integrated averages were used for data analyses. Seston and zooplankton (Eurytemora affinis, Acartia sp. and Cladocera) FA compositions were analyzed using gas chromatography and mass spectroscopy (GC–MS). Our dataset could provide new insights into how taxonomic composition and biochemical quality of the planktonic food chains change with the environmental conditions in subarctic marine ecosystems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2022. Vol. 42, article id 108158
Keywords [en]
Cladocerans, DHA, Dha, EPA, Epa, Eurytemora affinis, Food web quality
National Category
Ecology Oceanography, Hydrology and Water Resources
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-194910DOI: 10.1016/j.dib.2022.108158ISI: 000793864700004Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85129477753OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-194910DiVA, id: diva2:1664017
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, FR-2019/0007Available from: 2022-06-03 Created: 2022-06-03 Last updated: 2023-09-05Bibliographically approved

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Herath, TharinduBrugel, SoniaAndersson, AgnetaLau, Danny C. P.

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