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Towards optimising children’s capability and tackling relative child poverty in high-income countries: the cases of Japan, Sweden and the UK since 2000
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health. School of Social Welfare, Bukkyo University, Kyoto, Japan.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2368-5087
Department of Social Sciences, University of Derby, Derby, United Kingdom.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8944-2558
2022 (English)In: Global Health Action, ISSN 1654-9716, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 15, no 1, article id 2084230Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: We question why child poverty still prevails even in high-income countries, such as Japan, Sweden and the United Kingdom. We address the intersection between social relations and individual experiences that should be considered when optimising children’s capability.

Objectives: The study is therefore aimed at exploring compensatory societal actions taken to optimise children’s capability among these affluent countries. In order to do so, we operationalised children’s capability by including key societal domains along with statistical indicators and variables from relevant sources.

Methods: A secondary quantitative method was adopted by drawing upon data sources from 2000 up to almost 2020 from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the World Bank and the United Nations Children’s Fund, with these being complemented by governmental data. Given a lack of currently available and comparable data for those three countries, four key societal domains were explored in an absolute descriptive analysis.

Results: It is obvious that child poverty prevailed over the focal 20 years in these three high-income countries. Also, the exploratory data analysis revealed a lack of sufficient supporting social services in each societal domain. This demonstrates that optimising children’s capability should not just be about subsidising economic resources, but also supporting all initiatives aimed at addressing the lack of interactions between each domain of children’s capability.

Conclusions: The study shows how essential it is to consider societal compensatory measures along with supporting the financial circumstances. We therefore argue that optimising children’s capability should not only be about subsidising economic resources, but also ensuring adequate social resources and relations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2022. Vol. 15, no 1, article id 2084230
Keywords [en]
Children’s capability, high-income countries, relative child poverty
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-198348DOI: 10.1080/16549716.2022.2084230ISI: 000826880300001PubMedID: 35848789Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85134564650OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-198348DiVA, id: diva2:1685067
Available from: 2022-08-01 Created: 2022-08-01 Last updated: 2022-08-01Bibliographically approved

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Takeuchi, HajimeIvarsson, Anneli

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