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Endophyte-mediated stress tolerance in plants: a sustainable strategy to enhance resilience and assist crop improvement
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics. Laboratory of Plant Molecular Pathology and Functional Genomics, Division of Plant Biosciences, College of Agriculture and Life Science, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, South Korea.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7072-451x
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2022 (English)In: Cells, E-ISSN 2073-4409, Vol. 11, no 20, article id 3292Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Biotic and abiotic stresses severely affect agriculture by affecting crop productivity, soil fertility, and health. These stresses may have significant financial repercussions, necessitating a practical, cost-effective, and ecologically friendly approach to lessen their negative impacts on plants. Several agrochemicals, such as fertilizers, pesticides, and insecticides, are used to improve plant health and protection; however, these chemical supplements have serious implications for human health. Plants being sessile cannot move or escape to avoid stress. Therefore, they have evolved to develop highly beneficial interactions with endophytes. The targeted use of beneficial plant endophytes and their role in combating biotic and abiotic stresses are gaining attention. Therefore, it is important to experimentally validate these interactions and determine how they affect plant fitness. This review highlights research that sheds light on how endophytes help plants tolerate biotic and abiotic stresses through plant–symbiont and plant–microbiota interactions. There is a great need to focus research efforts on this vital area to achieve a system-level understanding of plant–microbe interactions that occur naturally.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2022. Vol. 11, no 20, article id 3292
Keywords [en]
crop improvement, drought, endophytes, plant defense, salinity, temperature
National Category
Botany
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-200823DOI: 10.3390/cells11203292ISI: 000872334400001PubMedID: 36291157Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85140627281OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-200823DiVA, id: diva2:1710553
Available from: 2022-11-14 Created: 2022-11-14 Last updated: 2022-11-14Bibliographically approved

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Imran, Qari Muhammad

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