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Acute effect of traditional and adaptive metronomes on gait variability in older individuals with a history of falls
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation. School of Behavioural and Health Sciences, Australian Catholic University, Brisbane, Australia; Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3282-6320
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2022 (English)In: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, ISSN 1594-0667, E-ISSN 1720-8319, Vol. 34, no 6, p. 1349-1356Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Metronome cueing has been shown to reduce gait variability and thereby potentially reduce falls risk in individuals with Parkinson's disease. It is unclear however, if metronome cueing has a similar effect in healthy older adults with a history of falls.

Aim: To investigate whether a traditional and/or an adaptive metronome, based on an individual's gait pattern, were effective in reducing gait variability in older adults with a history of falls.

Methods: Twenty older adults (15 women, 71 ± 4.9 years) with a history of falls were included in this cross-over study. Participants received two types of cueing (adaptive and traditional metronome) 1 week apart. The variability of the participants' stride time, stride length, walking speed and duration of double leg support were recorded during three walking conditions (baseline, during feedback and post-feedback gait). Repeated-measures ANOVA was used to assess the possible effects of the two cueing strategies on gait variables.

Results: Compared with the baseline condition, participants had significantly increased stride time variability during feedback (F (2) = 9.83, p < 0.001) and decreased double leg support time variability post-feedback (F (2) 3.69, p = 0.034). Increased stride time variability was observed with the adaptive metronome in comparison to the traditional metronome.

Conclusion: Metronome cueing strategies may reduce double leg support variability in older adults with a history of falls but seem to increase stride time variability. Further studies are needed to investigate if metronome cueing is more beneficial for individuals with greater baseline gait variability than those included in the current study.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer-Verlag New York, 2022. Vol. 34, no 6, p. 1349-1356
Keywords [en]
Fall prevention, Gait, Variability, Biofeedback, Adaptive metronome
National Category
Geriatrics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-201071DOI: 10.1007/s40520-021-02066-9ISI: 000741872000001PubMedID: 35020171Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85122820848OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-201071DiVA, id: diva2:1711519
Available from: 2022-11-17 Created: 2022-11-17 Last updated: 2022-11-18Bibliographically approved

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Cronström, Anna

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