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Age, sex, primary tumor type and site are associated with mortality after pathological fractures: an observational study of 1453 patients from the Swedish Fracture Register
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgisk och perioperativ vetenskap, Ortopedi.
Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Section of Orthopaedics, Department of Surgical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgisk och perioperativ vetenskap, Ortopedi.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-4615-7276
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2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research, E-ISSN 1749-799X, Vol. 18, nr 1, artikel-id 150Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Pathological fractures are challenging in orthopedic surgery and oncology, with implications for the patient's quality of life, mobility and mortality. The efficacy of oncological treatment on life expectancy for cancer patients has improved, but the metastatic pattern for bone metastases and survival is diverse for different tumor types. This study aimed to evaluate survival in relation to age, sex, primary tumor and site of the pathological fractures.

METHODS: All pathological fractures due to cancer between 1 September 2014 and 31 December 2021 were included in this observational study from the Swedish Fracture Register (SFR). Data on age, sex, tumor type, fracture site and mortality were collected.

RESULTS: A total of 1453 patients with pathological fractures were included (48% women, median age 73, range 18-100 years). Unknown primary tumors were the most common primary site (n = 308). The lower extremities were the most common site of pathological fractures. Lung cancer had the shortest median survival of 78 days (range 54-102), and multiple myeloma had the longest median survival of 432 days (range 232-629). The site at the lower extremity had the shortest (187 days, range 162-212), and the spine had the longest survival (386 days, range 211-561). Age, sex, primary type and site of the pathological fractures were all associated with mortality.

INTERPRETATION: Age, sex, primary tumor type and site of pathological fractures were associated with survival. Survival time is short and correlated with primary tumor type, with lung cancer as the strongest negative predictor of survival.

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BioMed Central (BMC), 2023. Vol. 18, nr 1, artikel-id 150
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Ortopedi
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URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-205330DOI: 10.1186/s13018-023-03620-zISI: 000942300000001PubMedID: 36859299Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85149366041OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-205330DiVA, id: diva2:1740747
Tillgänglig från: 2023-03-02 Skapad: 2023-03-02 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-03-14Bibliografiskt granskad

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Wänman, JohanSundkvist, JonasMukka, Sebastian

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