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Diel, seasonal, and inter-annual variation in carbon dioxide effluxes from lakes and reservoirs
Dundalk Institute of Technology, Centre for Freshwater and Environmental Studies, Dundalk, Ireland.
Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison, WI, Madison, United States.
Faculty of Science, University of Helsinki, Institute for Atmospheric and Earth System Research (INAR)/Physics, Helsinki, Finland; Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, University of Helsinki, INAR/Forest Sciences, Helsinki, Finland.
Faculty of Science, University of Helsinki, Institute for Atmospheric and Earth System Research (INAR)/Physics, Helsinki, Finland.
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2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Environmental Research Letters, E-ISSN 1748-9326, Vol. 18, nr 3, artikel-id 034046Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Accounting for temporal changes in carbon dioxide (CO2) effluxes from freshwaters remains a challenge for global and regional carbon budgets. Here, we synthesize 171 site-months of flux measurements of CO2 based on the eddy covariance method from 13 lakes and reservoirs in the Northern Hemisphere, and quantify dynamics at multiple temporal scales. We found pronounced sub-annual variability in CO2 flux at all sites. By accounting for diel variation, only 11% of site-months were net daily sinks of CO2. Annual CO2 emissions had an average of 25% (range 3%-58%) interannual variation. Similar to studies on streams, nighttime emissions regularly exceeded daytime emissions. Biophysical regulations of CO2 flux variability were delineated through mutual information analysis. Sample analysis of CO2 fluxes indicate the importance of continuous measurements. Better characterization of short- and long-term variability is necessary to understand and improve detection of temporal changes of CO2 fluxes in response to natural and anthropogenic drivers. Our results indicate that existing global lake carbon budgets relying primarily on daytime measurements yield underestimates of net emissions.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
IOP Publishing , 2023. Vol. 18, nr 3, artikel-id 034046
Nyckelord [en]
carbon flux, eddy covariance, freshwater systems, lakes, reservoirs, synthesis
Nationell ämneskategori
Klimatforskning Meteorologi och atmosfärforskning
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-205919DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/acb834ISI: 000953683700001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85150029537OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-205919DiVA, id: diva2:1746067
Forskningsfinansiär
EU, Horisont Europa, 101056921EU, Horisont Europa, 312571EU, Horisont Europa, 282842Vetenskapsrådet, 2016-04153Vetenskapsrådet, 2020-03222Tillgänglig från: 2023-03-27 Skapad: 2023-03-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-01-17Bibliografiskt granskad

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Jonsson, AndersKarlsson, Jan

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Environmental Research Letters
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