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Transcriptional response to flavivirus infection in neurons, astrocytes and microglia in vivo and in vitro
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk mikrobiologi.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-8512-0535
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk mikrobiologi.
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk mikrobiologi.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-3214-6605
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för molekylärbiologi (Medicinska fakulteten).ORCID-id: 0000-0002-7745-2844
Visa övriga samt affilieringar
(Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Nationell ämneskategori
Mikrobiologi inom det medicinska området
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-207009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-207009DiVA, id: diva2:1752806
Tillgänglig från: 2023-04-24 Skapad: 2023-04-24 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-04-25
Ingår i avhandling
1. Host-pathogen interactions during tick-borne flavivirus infection: pathogenesis, tropism and tools
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Host-pathogen interactions during tick-borne flavivirus infection: pathogenesis, tropism and tools
2023 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Alternativ titel[sv]
Värd-patogen-interaktioner vid fästingburen flavivirus infektion : patogenes, tropism och verktyg
Abstract [en]

Tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) is a neurotropic member of the genus Flavivirus. It may transmit to humans through the bite of an infected tick or consumption of unpasteurized dairyproducts, and causes tick-borne encephalitis (TBE). TBE constitutes a significant health burden in Eurasia, with more than 10,000 cases reported every year. In this thesis, I have investigated the role of the innate immune response in restricting infection in the central nervous system (CNS), identified virulence factors and developed a new model system to study the structural proteins of TBEV.

Viral tropism is important for understanding underlying mechanisms of pathology. In the first part,we combined whole-brain imaging with single nuclei RNA-sequencing after infection of wildtype (WT) and interferon (IFN) α/β receptor knockout (Ifnar-/-) mice by Langat virus (LGTV), a low-virulent model for TBEV. We found that absence of type I IFN signaling changes viral tropism and leads to an impaired inflammatory response. For neurons, astrocytes, and microglia we also compared the response to LGTV infection in vivo with the response of primary monocultures infected in vitro. Primary cells are often used for mechanistic studies of neurotropic viruses, but we found limited overlap in altered pathways between in vivo and in vitro, which emphasizes the role of cellular crosstalk in shaping the transcriptional response to infection in the brain.

The second part addresses viral determinants of pathogenicity. By comparing disease progression induced by different TBEV strains in a mouse model, we identified TBEV 93/783 as a highly virulentstrain belonging to the European subtype. We could show that two unusual amino acid substitutions in the envelope (E) protein of 93/783 enhanced neurovirulence and contributed to pathogenesis. To facilitate further studies of the structural proteins of TBEV, we generated and thoroughlycharacterized a chimeric virus with the pre-membrane (prM) and ecto-E protein of TBEV 93/783 in the genetic background of LGTV. The chimeric virus shows similar growth kinetics as the parental LGTV in vitro but is less pathogenic in our mouse model. Meanwhile, it remained neurovirulent and structurally similar to TBEV, making it a useful tool for studying the structural proteins of TBEV under lower biosafety conditions. Taken together, these findings deepen our understanding of what determines the outcome of tick-borne flavivirus infection and the utility of the available model systems for studying disease mechanisms. 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2023. s. 61
Serie
Umeå University medical dissertations, ISSN 0346-6612 ; 2244
Nyckelord
Tick-borne encephalitis virus, Langat virus, pathogenesis, type I interferons, central nervous system, neuroinflammation, structural proteins
Nationell ämneskategori
Mikrobiologi inom det medicinska området Infektionsmedicin
Forskningsämne
infektionssjukdomar; mikrobiologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-207013 (URN)978-91-8070-072-6 (ISBN)978-91-8070-071-9 (ISBN)
Disputation
2023-05-26, Sal B, 9 tr., Tandläkarhögskolan, Norrlands universitetssjukhus, Umeå, 13:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2023-04-28 Skapad: 2023-04-25 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-04-26Bibliografiskt granskad

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Rosendal, EbbaLindqvist, RichardChotiwan, NunyaHenriksson, JohanÖverby, Anna K.

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Rosendal, EbbaLindqvist, RichardChotiwan, NunyaHenriksson, JohanÖverby, Anna K.
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Institutionen för klinisk mikrobiologiInstitutionen för molekylärbiologi (Medicinska fakulteten)
Mikrobiologi inom det medicinska området

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