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Well-being contextualism and capabilities
Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
2024 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Happiness Studies, ISSN 1389-4978, E-ISSN 1573-7780, Vol. 25, nr 1-2, artikel-id 10Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Typically, philosophers analysing well-being’s nature maintain three claims. First, that well-being has essential properties. Second, that the concept of well-being circumscribes those properties. Third, that well-being theories should capture them exhaustively and exclusively. This predominant position is called well-being monism. In opposition, contextualists argue that no overarching concept of well-being referring to a universally applicable well-being standard exists. Such a standard would describe what is good, bad, and neutral, for us without qualification. Instead, well-being research is putatively about several central phenomena. If several phenomena are central, a proliferation of concurrently acceptable well-being theories and operationalisations is expected. However, contextualists are challenged to explain how those analysing well-being are not systematically talking past each other. In this paper, I address that challenge. The upshot is that contextualist well-being theories can be justifiably context-sensitive and applied to tailor-made policy-making efforts. I illustrate the benefits by connecting contextualism to the capability approach.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Springer Science+Business Media B.V., 2024. Vol. 25, nr 1-2, artikel-id 10
Nyckelord [en]
Well-being, Contextualism, Monism, Pluralism, Capability approach
Nationell ämneskategori
Filosofi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-207986DOI: 10.1007/s10902-024-00718-xISI: 001147638000003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85182869763OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-207986DiVA, id: diva2:1755039
Anmärkning

Originally included in thesis in manuscript form. 

Tillgänglig från: 2023-05-05 Skapad: 2023-05-05 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-02-12Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Being well and doing good
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Being well and doing good
2023 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Alternativ titel[sv]
Vara väl och göra gott
Abstract [en]

This dissertation contains an introductory chapter and four articles. In section 1 of the introductory chapter, I provide an overview of my argument. In section 2, I do five things. First, I show that well-being is subject-relative, meaning that well-being is always present in a life if it is present at all. Second, I restrict the discussion to people as welfare subjects. Third, I describe the levels of generality that well-being theorising can take. Fourth, I show well-being’s relations to other values. Fifth, I describe the distinction between having or not having positive well-being and enduring ill-being. In section 3 of the introductory chapter, I outline the main philosophical well-being theories. I highlight their strengths and weaknesses, before moving on to section 4 where I describe the conceptual framework I use in my articles: the capability approach. The capability approach focuses on genuine opportunities, beings, and doings. The opportunities, beings, and doings can be specified in different contexts as needed. Hence, capabilitarian analyses focusing on different opportunities, beings and doings, are available. In my articles, I argue for four things regarding those well-being analyses. First, I argue that, and show how, expert opinions and public opinions can be reconciled in well-being policy-making situations. Second, I argue that, and show how, prudentially negative beings and doings should be assessed by analysing cases of homelessness. Third, I argue that the capability approach can be used to offer a complementary account to the predominant philosophical analyses of addiction which mainly focus on its descriptive nature. My complementary analysis highlights further targets for policy-making efforts. Fourth, I argue that well-being is context-sensitive. To that end, I bolster the capability approach by refining a view called contextualism. I defend this view against counterarguments and consequently both contextualism and the capability approach are made more viable.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Umeå: Umeå University, 2023. s. 47
Serie
Umeå studies in philosophy, ISSN 1650-1748 ; 14
Nyckelord
well-being, ill-being, capability approach, monism, pluralism
Nationell ämneskategori
Filosofi
Forskningsämne
etik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-207989 (URN)978-91-8070-063-4 (ISBN)978-91-8070-064-1 (ISBN)
Disputation
2023-06-09, Hörsal HUM.D.220 (Hörsal F), Umeå, 13:15 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2023-05-17 Skapad: 2023-05-11 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-05-11Bibliografiskt granskad

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Östlund, Sebastian

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